Class Notes (836,147)
Canada (509,656)
Sociology (3,243)
Dr.Mike (51)

Sociological Research

3 Pages
Unlock Document

Sociology 3321F/G

Sociological Research Experimental Method - In an experiment, the research investigates cause-and-effect relationships under highly controlled conditions. Types of variables: 1) Independent variables – those variables that are thought to produce a change in some variable (e.g., teasing). 2) Dependent variables - those variables that are influenced by independent variables (e.g., anger in a person). • Experimental group – the group of subjects exposed to the independent variable • Control group – the group of subjects not exposed to the independent variable Survey Method • In a survey, data is collected by having people answer a series of questions • It is important to properly sample the population (the target group to be studied) in order to ensure that the research can be generalized to the population of interest There are two main ways to conduct survey research: 1) Questionnaires – respondents answer questions on their own (e.g., mail surveys) 2) Interviews – respondents are directly questioned by researchers (e.g., telephone surveys, face-to- face/in-person interviews) Field Research/Participant Observation - In participant observation the researcher participates in a research setting while observing what is happening in that setting • Field researchers must balance the demands of being a participant, one who is involved in the setting, with the demands of being an observer, one who adopts a more detached position in order to assess a setting or situation more objectively • The researcher may choose whether or not to disclose his or her identity and motives to the subjects • Although field research is generally inexpensive, it requires a sizable commitment of time Content Analysis and Secondary Analysis • Content analysis involves the examination of written sources that provide data (e.g., books, newspapers, magazines) as well as photographs, movies, television programs, and other archival material • Secondary analysis involves the analysis of data already collected by other researchers - Although secondary analysis is quick and easy, the researcher
More Less

Related notes for Sociology 3321F/G

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.