BYZANTIUM.docx

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Department
Visual Arts History
Course
Visual Arts History 1040
Professor
Cody Barteet
Semester
Winter

Description
BYZANTIUM - Remains intact until 1400s - Divides Europe into eastern (eastern orthodox) and western (roman Catholicism) - See themselves as heirs of roman empire EARLY BYZANTINE - Anthemius of Tralles and Isidorus of Miletus, Hagia Sophia, Constantinople (Istanbul), Turkey, ca. 532–537 - Transformed from church, mosque, - Impressive structure - Consists only of large complex, not the minarets - Dome on pendentives (triangular recess areas, make transition from circle to square) - dome collapsed many times - multi story, built in sequence of levels - big open space - large clerestory at top, area of windows at base of dome, meant to open up space, give idea that dome is floating above your head, dramatic - San Vitale (looking northwest), Ravenna, Italy, ca. 526–547 - Last foothold in Italy - Semi-rounded structure, Byzantine structure - Entry court, apse where alter is - mosaics - Choir and apse of San Vitale with mosaic of Christ between two angels, Saint Vitalis, and Bishop Ecclesius, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 526–547 - Christ as ruler of all - Justinian, Bishop Maximianus, and attendants, mosaic on the north wall of the apse, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 547 - Purple, colour of emperors, colour of Christ, head of church - Taking part of mass; he’s holding bread, body of Christ - halo, drawn in front - crown - 12 people behind him, some soldiers (shield w/ Christian symbol) - presenting as taking part of the ceremony, part of the priest, defender of Christianity, “Holy Roman Emperors” - Bodies all covered, very similar, series of planes of fabric that simply drop down and go across the works; deliberate change in style, elongation of the figures, generic - Layered, but no real sense of depth, v flat in presentation - Feet floating on grass, not on ground line - Theodora and attendants, mosaic on the south wall of the apse, San Vitale, Ravenna, Italy, ca. 547 - Theodora, “actress” (double as prostitute), she was lower class, not supposed to be empresses, he meets her, falls in love, convinces his uncle (emperor at time) to change laws, can marry who you want, he chooses her - She is v influencial, strong intellectual, got him out of lots of shit b/c she’s great, persuades him to stay in city and ride out riots and it works - she’s holding chalice w/ wine; halo - In eastern traditions, women not allowed
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