EARLY MEDIEVAL EUROPE.docx

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Department
Visual Arts History
Course
Visual Arts History 1040
Professor
Cody Barteet
Semester
Winter

Description
EARLY MEDIEVAL EUROPE - Mostly northern portions, not much going on in south (or rather, ignored b/c Islamic control) - By ~ 400s, Europe in “dark ages” (called b/c little major artistic production, stuff didn‟t survive much) - ~900 art rises - Sequence of kingdoms (Italy‟s fucked up, Islamic and byzantine influence everywhere) ART OF WARRIOR LORDS (5 – 10 cent) th th - Sutton Hoo, Burial Ship, Mound 1, Discovered 1939 - Viking art - Ship wreck - Large structure - Inside boat was burial, presumably of king (kings freq buried in ships, transport to afterlife) - Purse cover, from the Sutton Hoo Ship burial in Suffolk, England, ca. 625 - Very small - Typically „pagan‟ imagery - Some things abstract - Symmetry - Individuals w/ canine animals (maybe spirit guides, beasts of afterlife, torment, communication btwn works) - Elements of copulation maybe btwn the birds (or bird of prey attacking smaller bird) - (spoon w/ inscriptions „paul‟ and „saul‟; possibly a reference to him being baptised Christian) - Belt buckles, brooches - Patterning, colours, - Osberg Burial ship, ca. 825 - 72 feet long - Good craftsmenship, preservations - Animal heads, from the Oseberg, Norway ship burial, ca. 825 - Zoomorphic Interlace - intimidating th th CHRISTIAN ART / HIBERNO-SAXON ART (6 –10 Centuries) - start to see blending of form as progress the times - appeal to pattern, textures, forms - Man (symbol of Saint Matthew), Book of Durrow, ca. 660-680 - parchment - bible verse - patterning around figure, “carpet page” patterning on figure - know Matthew b/c of translation of text, had his own symbol (eagle) - Cross and carpet page, Lindisfarne Gospels, from Northumbria, England, ca. 698-721 - full page painted w/ script on side - no punctuation and no standard spelling therefore hard to read - Saint Matthew, Lindisfarne Gospels, from Northumbria, England, ca. 698-721 - w/ eagle, tracing ideology of Christ - idea of scribes and philosophers CAROLINGIAN ART (768-877) - Charlemagne - Leads Carolingian renaissance, early roman empire revival - Look back to romans as inspiration - Realised Europe needs to be consolidated again; economic, militaristic campaigns, etc - Tries to standardise things (currency and weights and measurem
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