Eighteenth Century France and England

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Western University
Visual Arts History
Visual Arts History 1040
Christine Sprengler

Eighteenth Century France and EnglandthKey Events of the 18 Century The Enlightenment The Industrial Revolution The French Revolution The American RevolutionRococoGalerie des Glaces Hall of Mirrors Built by Jules HardouinMansart and Charles Le Brun Palace of Louis XIV Versailles France ca 1680 Overlooks the Versailles park from the second floor of Louis XIVs palaceHundreds of mirrors illusionistically extended the rooms width and once reflected gilded and jeweled furnishingsSalon de la Princesse Built by Germain Boffrand Htel de Soubise Paris France 17371740Features sinuous curves gilded mirrors and moldings small sculptures and paintings and floralornament were the style at the centre of Parisian social and intellectual life A typical Rococo room and took the place of Louis XIVs palace of Versailles and was a much moreintimate place to have gatherings in ones home The strong architectural lines and panels of before are softened and the walls melt into the vaultPainting sculpture and architecture are blended together to form a single ensemble The room seems permanently decorated for a festival and the nature seems to be freely growing Louix XIV By Hyacinthe Rigaud 1701 Oil on canvas 92 x 63Portrait is set against a stately backdrop Artist showed the king in red high heeled shoes and with his ermine lined coronation robes thrown over his shoulder which suggests an attitude of haughtinessth Louis XVI was the preeminent French art patron of the 17 century and this was a matter of political propagandaThe image conveys the ideal image of an absolute monarch King looks out at the viewer with directness The fact his legs are shown alludes to his childhood as a ballet dancer and that he was proud of his toned legsThe king is the unmistakable focal point of the image and is positioned so that it looks like he is looking down on the viewer The painting was hung over the throne in his place when he was gone and no one could turn their backto itLIndiffrent By Antoine Watteau ca 1716 Oil on canvas 10 x 7A small painting of a languid gliding dancer exhibiting lightness and delicacy in both colour and tone It contrasts strongly with the pompous portrait of Louis XIVThe dancer moves in a rainbow and shimmering of colour emerging onto the stage of the intimatecomic opera to the silken sound of stringsPrivate patrons dictate the taste of the time
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