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Lecture 3

AN101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Franz Boas, Margaret Mead, Culture Shock


Course Code
Victor Gulewitsch

of 2
September 23rd, 2013
Up to page 82 midterm
Fieldwork- Extended period of close involvement with people whose way of
life anthropologists are interested, collect most of data here
Participant-Observation- Method anthropologists use to gather info by
living and working with people whose culture they are studying while
participating in their lives as much as possible
The Fieldwork Experience
o Prepare for fieldwork, what to study/where
o Select site, research available material, past research
o Obtain funding, university, government, corporate,
o Ethics clearing needed for all human research
o Arriving practical concerns, courtesy, gifts, accommodations
o Establish rapport, trust, expectations
o Culture shock, cultural boundaries, going native or not
Modes of Ethnographic Fieldwork: A Short History
o Anthropology: art and science
o Franz Boas- Inuit, B.C. First Nations, Race
o Bronislaw Malinowski- First Good fieldwork, Pacific Islands, Papua
New Guinea
o Margaret Mead- Culturally relevant questions and comparisons,
Pacific, Samoa, Papua New Guinea
The Positivist Approach (science)
Positivism- View that there is reality out there that can be detected through
Reflexive Approach
Reflexivity- Critically thinking about the way one thinks, reflecting on ones
own experience
Relativistic nature of understanding culture, involves the researcher and the
researched in a dialogue. More equal power relationship
Dialectic of Fieldwork: Interpretation and Translation
Process of building bridge on understanding between anthropologist and
informant so that each can begin to understand the other
Identity issues
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