Class Notes (839,189)
Canada (511,223)
Anthropology (292)
AN101 (143)

Note 5.docx

5 Pages

Course Code
Anne- Marie Colpron

This preview shows pages 1 and half of page 2. Sign up to view the full 5 pages of the document.
Note 5 Revision: Key concepts  Enculturation o The process where you learn your own culture o Paradox: it becomes natural and you forget that you learned it o The way of acting and thinking that it has been learned o May experience cultural shock when you see another culture  ideas are different  Ethnocentrism o Believe your own culture is superior to others o Judge other cultures based on your own cultural norms/ standpoints  everything else seems strange o Opposite of cultural relativism  Cultural relativism o Opposite of ethnocentrism o Tries to understand a culture based on their own rights o When you don’t understand something about a culture, you find more information about it o Anthropologists work in this favour  want to become aware and try to control our judgements  Want to understand the different values  Fieldwork o Go somewhere else and stay there for a period of time while observing the subjects o Just observing  Participation observation o Actively participate in the everyday life of the subjects they are studying o Father - Malinowski  Positivism o Try to treat social science as natural science o As being an observer and letting nature run its course  try not to interfere o Problem: you’re studying subjects, not objects  people don’t always act the same way o Ie. Malinowski  tried to give an objective account of his experience  participated in their everyday life but wrote his book as an observer o Problem: results differ according to many factors such as gender  a male may observe different things than a female according to what the daily activities are (ie. Hunting vs. housework)  Reflexivity o Being aware that you come from a culture o Being aware of how you can influence the research  since we are all subjects o Bring aware of the differences in research and noting that (ie. What you find may be different from what the opposite sex finds)  take this into consideration Contextualize the ethnography: Chronicle of the Guayaki Indians  Written in 1972 by a French anthropologist  used many words that we would consider ethnocentric today  Ethnography: based on direct observation  this book is NOT a novel  First chapter: Birth process o The ethnography compares the birth process of the Guayaki to the one of his own culture o Holist approach: he links the birth process to economical, political and religious phenomenon Todorov text: Columbus and the Indians  Columbus depictions of the Indians correspond to his own perceptions and fantasies  Christopher Columbus o Known for discovering America in 1492 o Loyal to the Spanish Crown o Was looking for trade routes to arrive to India  Columbus’ first impression of the Natives o For him, absence of clothing = absence of customs o Absence of law, religion, and rites o A kind of white page where Spanish religion and customs could be inscribed  Wanted them to be Catholics  Columbus’- contradictions o The Indians are good, peaceful and generous o The Indians are savage, cruel and thieves  Hobbes o English philosopher o Thought that the Natives didn’t have any civilization  they lived without law o Men living in a “state of nature… has no idea of goodness he must be naturally wicked; that ADD  Rousseau o French Philosopher o Criticized Hobbes’ theories o Brought the idea of the “Noble savage”  In Anthro, we say that this is a myth o Agreed with Hobbes that Indians lived close to nature  but that they were good, generous, peaceful (all the good virtues)  Thought that it was civilization that corrupted individuals  Columbus’ misunderstandings o Interprets the Natives through his own values  Valorizing material wealth (generosity = stupid)  Valorizing private property (taking = robbing)  Failed to understand what a convention was o Valued private property  not valued by Natives  When they traded, he thought they were stupid o When trading, the Natives expect to receive something  therefore, they took his knfe and Columbus concluded that they weird thieves  later: punished o Failed to understand their system  he thought that they didn’t have a system  it was simply different  Their system was to form alliances  to barter  Considered “giving away” stupid and “taking” as a theft act  Columbus failed to consider o What is valuable or not is a convention o A different system does not mean the absence of a system  Projecting our own values to try to understand the Natives o Problem: different behaviours are judged to be stupid or inconsequent because they are misinterpreted as imperf
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1 and half of page 2 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.