Lecture 9 2/6/2013 10:26:00 AM
The patterns of production, distribution, and consumption that
members of a society employ to ensure the satisfaction of their
basic material survival needs.
FOR EXAM FOCUS ON CHAPTERS 1, 2, 3 and 7
Gathering, fishing and hunting
Farming and herding.
Food producers: Agriculture:
o You move from place to place
o Animal force, irrigation, fertilizing
o You stay in one place
Food Producers: Pastoralists:
raising and herding sheep or cattle.
o Nomadic: they do not store food.
o Sedentary: store and preserve food.
Are they nomad or sedentary?
o slash and burn horticulture.
o nomadic Pastoralists:
o Living from raising sheep and cattle.
Reed’s Text: “forest development the Indian way”
Are Guarani Indians “food producers” or “food collectors”?
o They hunt and gather food
o They practice the slash and burn horticulture.
o They are both.
Western stereotypes on the Guarani Indians:
Government representative though the Guarani were backwards
and less evolved because of their hunting and slash and burn
Following ideas o economic progress and development strategies,
they implemented programs of intense agriculture in the region.
Reeds text: “Forest Development the Indian way:
How do these ideas of economic progress and development
strategies, such as intense agriculture, destroyed the forest
environment (in other terms, the resources development depends
Intense agriculture is not well suited for the Amizonial soil.
The soil is not rich enough to be intensively exploited. This practice
devastated the soil and created erosion
How are Guarani subsistence strategies very well adapted to