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Lecture 16

AN101 Lecture 16

6 Pages

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Anne- Marie Colpron

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Leture 16 3/20/2013 9:29:00 AM Question:  Do messianism movement only appear among people that are politically or economically oppressed? An example of messianism before colonialism: the land without evil  Among the Tupi-Guarani, an Indigenous people of the Amazon, messianic movements arose before colonialist times for existential reasons. Land without evil:  Shaman-prophets emerged: they had a dream or a vision of s sort of paradise on earth, where people would always be young and beautiful and would live in abundance without needing to work  People followed the shaman-prophet in search of this perfect land. The paradox: this utopia implied terrible migrations and a living hell, where many people died on the road. Revitalization:  A conscious, deliberate, and organized attempt but some members of a society to create a more satisfying culture in a time of crisis (Cf. The Kwaio example in the textbook)  Maintaining tradition can be a form of political protest. People in power get to impose their own metaphors and worldviews:  A metaphor or a worldview can be used to refer to a self evident truth when people in power seek to eliminate or impost certain forms of conduct. Secularism:  The separation of religion and state, including a notion of secular citizenship (i.e. not religious) that owes much to the notion of individual agency developed in Protestant theology. Ritual:  A repetitive social practice composted of a sequence of symbolic activities in the form of dance, song, speech, gestures, the manipulation of certain objects, and so forth.  It is set apart from the social routines of everyday life  it adheres to a characteristic culturally defined schema  its action is closely connected to a specific set of ideas that are often encoded in myths.  What gives rituals their power is that the people who preform them assert that the authorization for the ritual comes from outside themselves: their state, society, gods, ancestor or tradition.  In anthropological term, ritual includes a much broader range of activities, such as a graduation ceremony, a child’s birthday party, just as much as a wedding or a bar mitzvah.  A ritual has a particular sequential ordering of acts, utterance and events. Question:  Are rituals necessarily religious? Rites of Passage:  A ritual that served to mark the movement and transformation of an individual from one social position to another.
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