Leture 16 3/20/2013 9:29:00 AM
Do messianism movement only appear among people that are politically or
An example of messianism before colonialism: the land without evil
Among the Tupi-Guarani, an Indigenous people of the Amazon, messianic
movements arose before colonialist times for existential reasons.
Land without evil:
Shaman-prophets emerged: they had a dream or a vision of s sort of paradise on
earth, where people would always be young and beautiful and would live in
abundance without needing to work
People followed the shaman-prophet in search of this perfect land. The paradox:
this utopia implied terrible migrations and a living hell, where many people died
on the road.
A conscious, deliberate, and organized attempt but some members of a society to
create a more satisfying culture in a time of crisis (Cf. The Kwaio example in the
Maintaining tradition can be a form of political protest.
People in power get to impose their own metaphors and worldviews:
A metaphor or a worldview can be used to refer to a self evident truth when
people in power seek to eliminate or impost certain forms of conduct.
The separation of religion and state, including a notion of secular citizenship (i.e.
not religious) that owes much to the notion of individual agency developed in
A repetitive social practice composted of a sequence of symbolic activities in the
form of dance, song, speech, gestures, the manipulation of certain objects, and so
It is set apart from the social routines of everyday life it adheres to a characteristic culturally defined schema
its action is closely connected to a specific set of ideas that are often encoded in
What gives rituals their power is that the people who preform them assert that
the authorization for the ritual comes from outside themselves: their state,
society, gods, ancestor or tradition.
In anthropological term, ritual includes a much broader range of activities, such
as a graduation ceremony, a child’s birthday party, just as much as a wedding or
a bar mitzvah.
A ritual has a particular sequential ordering of acts, utterance and events.
Are rituals necessarily religious?
Rites of Passage:
A ritual that served to mark the movement and transformation of an individual
from one social position to another.