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Lecture

AR104 Lecture Notes - Common Era


Department
Archaeology and Heritage Studies
Course Code
AR104
Professor
Debra Foran

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Terminology:
—BC (Before Christ) and AD (Anno Domini) used mainly in classical studies
—BCE (Before Common Era) and CE (Common Era) used mainly in Near Eastern Studies
Greece:
—1st democracy
—earliest historical doctuments
—had time for other things such as pleasure not just the necessities
Greek Civilization and Culture:
—heavily influenced by the Near East spread West to france & Italy and east to Pakistan
—Greek became a common language in the Near East
—influenced later periods and groups
—sources of information > physical and written remains
—Phoenicians created the first alphabet and the greek’s picked their alphabet based on that. (right to left)
—information from the time is collected and was displayed on tombstones, graffiti, and incriptions
—problems: what artifacts survive and what artifacts don’t, determine our knowledge
!—looters...tombstones that are robbed determine could determine how valuable a person is
!—documents may not be able to be translated, they may be bias, and they may be incomplete
therefore not giving us complete results.
Greece Chronology—
Era
Date (BCE)
Paleolithic
40 000 — 7000
Neolithic
7000 — 3000
Early Bronze Age
3000 — 2100
Middle Bronze Age
2100 — 1600
Late Bronze Age
1600 — 1100
Early Dark Age
1100 — 900
Late Dark Age
900 — 750/700
Archaic Period
750/700 — 480
Classical
480 — 323
Hellenistic Period
323 — 30
Archaic Period — epic poems (no historical documents)
The Greek World (CL-101A)!Tuesday , September 14th, 2010
Prof: Debra Foran!Office Hours: Thursday 12 - 2pm (R106Q) [202 regina st)
Email: dfran@wlu.ca!Office number: (519)-884-1970 x4498
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