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Archaeological Evidence, Formation Processes and Preservation.docx

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Bonnie Glencross

Archaeological Evidence, Formation Processes and Preservation  Bill Rathje’s Tucson Garbage Project  studied modern waste patterns to generate links b/t behaviour + the archaeological record o Primary findings: what people say they buy, save, use and discard is different than the material remains uncovered  Artifacts are objects made, used and discarded by people o Composition of clay  Date  Source  Contacts o Shape  Identity of culture group  Use o Decoration  Culture group identity  Beliefs  Features: human modified aspects of the site or landscape (eg. Post moulds, garbage dump) o Provides evidence of structures, activities, interaction w/ landscape and environment  Ecofacts: organic and environmental remains (eg. Seeds, garbage remains, skeleton) o The human skeleton can tell us about a person’s identity in life, their life history, how they died, about their culture  Sites: places where artifacts, features, structures, organic and environmental remains and found  Archaeological context: refers to the place where an artifact is fact; the soil surrounding it, the layer it came from, what else was in the layer with it, and in what site  Immediate matrix, provenience, associations  Primary context: the original place of something  Secondary context: not the original place of something (eg. Skeletons that were pushed off to the side to make room mo
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