Class Notes (839,387)
Canada (511,321)
Archaeology (395)
AR101 (93)
Lecture

Social Archaeology.docx

3 Pages
101 Views

Department
Archaeology
Course Code
AR101
Professor
Bonnie Glencross

This preview shows page 1. Sign up to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Description
Social Archaeology  A subcategory to archaeology developed in the 1970s  Involves reconstructing past societies & social practices in their totality  Focuses on social systems, institutions & organization of the society before attempting to look at the role of the individual & their actions  Artifacts & other archaeological finds are placed in a social context Systems perspective  A way of conceptualizing the complex, systemic & dynamic behaviour of a group society belief & subsisstence thoughts contact & exchange technology  Time, space, context, continuum o Space: organized at multiple levels, properties of one level are contingent on relationships with & activities in other levels o Time: structures vary & change through time o Context: interactions at different levels of organization & various external factors experience are mediated in a broader social & ecological context Middle Range Theory  An approach to bridging the gap between archaeological remains & the societies they represent Analogy  Use of information derived in one context (the present) to explain data from another context (the past)  Assumption: conditions in the past were like those in the present Sources of data  Settlement pattern: a core concept in archaeology, also called non-site archaeology o Examine regions or areas, rather than focusing on individual sites o Factors influencing this include subsistence strategy, political structure, social structure, population density & carrying capacity o Willey pioneered settlement patterns… based on fieldwork in Peru’s…… o ADD *2 o Willey demonstrated that the spatial relations…  Written records: archives containing commercial media accounts, actuarial records, official documentary records, private records  Oral tradition: cultural material & tradition transmitted orally from one generation to the next  Ethnoarchaeology o Archeologists recognize that modern societies & their material cultures are important sources of information o Archaeologists have used ethnographic data as analogs for observable patterns in the archaeological record since the emergence of the discipline o The Mousterian question: Different culture groups or different adaptations? o The Nunamiut Hunters: What kinds of hunter-gatherer activities give rise to what kinds of archaeological assemblages? Classification of societies  ADD? (not sure) Working towards determining social organization  Adaptive strategies developed by the Neolithic societies in response to the adoption of agriculture & the domestication of animals set into play future developments in Europe & many other areas of the globe  New investigations of human health, activity patterns, land use, resources & social ADD Catalhoyuk, Turkey  Scale o Populat
More Less
Unlock Document

Only page 1 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit