Michael Matthews November 3, 2011
Beyond the Washington consensus (World Bank, WTO, and IMF): G8, United Nations.
NAFTA and Eurozone are trading partners
Military Alliances, strategic alliances, NGOs, OPEC
There are groups of people who don‟t actually have nations (Quebecois)
Defining International Institutions and Universal culture.
United nations universal declaration of human rights Kausikan
International Criminal Court Lechner and Boli
Many acts of horror around the world: sex slaves, child soldiers, etc. are not being accounted for or
Do (can) international institutions embody the values, ethics and morals of everyone on the planet? (i.e. can
they be truly universal)
Should there be international and universal standards for global governance?
Is there a moral and ethical responsibility to deter people from behaving badly? Does that require moral
United Nations Declaration of Human Rights: Eleanor Roosevelt implying it was the “Magana Carta” of all
time. The person who actually wrote it was John Humphrey (first draft) - 1948. This declaration came from
the stories of those who have suffered in times such as the Holocaust. He lost an arm after playing with fire.
30 key articles to the declaration- 1 “Right to equality”.
Kausikan argues that: Human Rights come from Western notions of individuals, and place most importance
on political and civil rights (steeped in the Judeo-Christian natural law). Asia does not share these values.
The declaration is, “loosely worded, ambiguous, legalistic and absolutist.” The West must ask, “Do you
want to do good or merely posture to make yourselves feel good?” Or, do Human Rights only, “deploy
Now is the first time, when Asia has really come to a time of prosperity, even close to the West.
Problematizing the UDHR – How can the international community enforce human rights? Is the declaration
now in 2011 „out of date‟? Persistent problem of interpretation & unrealistic universalism vs. paralyzing
Roots of international criminal law: Nuremberg Trials, Post WWII. Nuremberg principles- the beginning of