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International Institutions.docx

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Global Studies
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Bina Mehta

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Michael Matthews November 3, 2011 International Institutions  Beyond the Washington consensus (World Bank, WTO, and IMF): G8, United Nations.  NAFTA and Eurozone are trading partners  Military Alliances, strategic alliances, NGOs, OPEC  There are groups of people who don‟t actually have nations (Quebecois)  Defining International Institutions and Universal culture.  United nations universal declaration of human rights Kausikan  International Criminal Court Lechner and Boli  Many acts of horror around the world: sex slaves, child soldiers, etc. are not being accounted for or punished.  Do (can) international institutions embody the values, ethics and morals of everyone on the planet? (i.e. can they be truly universal)  Should there be international and universal standards for global governance?  Is there a moral and ethical responsibility to deter people from behaving badly? Does that require moral judgement?  United Nations Declaration of Human Rights: Eleanor Roosevelt implying it was the “Magana Carta” of all time. The person who actually wrote it was John Humphrey (first draft) - 1948. This declaration came from the stories of those who have suffered in times such as the Holocaust. He lost an arm after playing with fire. st  30 key articles to the declaration- 1 “Right to equality”.  Kausikan argues that: Human Rights come from Western notions of individuals, and place most importance on political and civil rights (steeped in the Judeo-Christian natural law). Asia does not share these values. The declaration is, “loosely worded, ambiguous, legalistic and absolutist.” The West must ask, “Do you want to do good or merely posture to make yourselves feel good?” Or, do Human Rights only, “deploy Western interests”  Now is the first time, when Asia has really come to a time of prosperity, even close to the West.  Problematizing the UDHR – How can the international community enforce human rights? Is the declaration now in 2011 „out of date‟? Persistent problem of interpretation & unrealistic universalism vs. paralyzing culture relativism.  Roots of international criminal law: Nuremberg Trials, Post WWII. Nuremberg principles- the beginning of
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