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Global Studies Week 7 Lecture 1.docx

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Global Studies
Timothy Clark

Global Studies Global Ecology Week 7, Lecture 1 In 1979, James Lovelock published a novel introducing the environment as an organism “GAIA”, and then in 2006 he published a second- depicting the damage we have done, somewhat a ‘I told you so’ titled “The Revenge of GAIA” Anthropocene: idea earth geological history has been altered by humanity  Measure geological changes by massive glaciation, that make beginning and end of geological eras, humans are changing the planet but we can also heal the planet Natural Limits  Tragedy of the Commons, essay by Hardin, can’t have infinite grow because of limited resources  The Population Bomb, Ehrlich, Neo-Malthusian Thesis and the specter of overpopulation o Danger of Ehrlich’s thesis, we point fingers at countries with highest population while in reality they are not the ones consuming most resources (in the case of pop. India, and China largest)  Need to address the consumption used by people, faster, and larger consumption of resources creates negative effect Anthropocentrism vs. Biocentrism  What field of beings and things do we attach our ethical judgments, how do we ‘exclude’ others from our ethical consideration  Anthropocentrism=thought process of people center of world, obligation and ethical basis for ourselves and things useful to humans (animal not useful- who cares if endangered?) Does the world and its biota have value beyond human purposes? What if we consider human life to be no more special or privileged than the lives of other living (and non-living) entities?  Conceive a ‘community’ in terms of the networks of material flows that make the distinction between ‘in here’ and ‘out there’ blurry and fluid  Should work to caring about more non-human beings (example is pets) National Citizenship vs. Ecological Citizenship  National Citizenship creates boundaries and responsibilities  Ecological Citizenship instead draws upon blurry domain and address that the nature and ecosystem that connects us with everything we are also responsible for Addressing joined-up problems in a fragmented world Constituting citizen rights and obligations: political allegiance, or material relationships Glob
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