GS 201 September 21 tutorial questions:
What is a theory?
A theory is a series of ideas that together express a concept or central ideology. Theories also function as hypotheses,
trying to suggest what happens in a universal scale based on a process of formulation, test and refinement.
What are the basic arguments of Liberalism?
According to Dr Ejobowah, Liberalism "is a family of ideas that views the world through the prism of individual liberty."
The basic three tenants of liberalism as discussed in the readings by and lecture are tolerance, moral equality of men
and the autonomy of reasonable adults based on natural or inherent positive and negative rights. Liberalism argues
that the government should not be involved in private sectors or the market any more than is absolutely necessarily to
form a framework in which the market can thrive. The governments primary if not its sole role is to protect what
liberalists consider the constituent's natural rights and freedoms.
Why did Liberalism emerge?
Liberalism emerged in response to the feudal system and absolute or "rigid" monarchs, aristocracy and the active
involvement of the church in state affairs. Liberalists called for a movement toward a stable, impartial Rule of Law. This
was perhaps in particular to incorporate accountability throughout the governing body and the special privileges and
favors granted select groups over others. In addition the Liberalism movement sought greater freedom for business
activities, which were restricted by the church and state, which functioned in incorporation. Because of this union a
nation's religion was dictated and "imposed" by the state, a final point of objection for early Liberalists.
What is the ideal role of the state for Classical Liberalists?
In Classical Liberalism the ideal role of the state involved the government in an extremely minimalist role, that allows
for constituents who comprised of the 'competent adult' population as it is considered at the time to perform business
without government interference. John Locke described this role as that of "a trustee to protect the rights of the
people." However this system should be allow for reform and serve primarily to protect the lives of constituents, their
'natural' liberties and their property. In so far as economy is concerned, classical liberalist theory describes the
appropriate role of the state as to "protect property, prevent fraud and impartially settle disputes."
What does Locke say about why individuals form a social contract?
Locke explains that individuals are inherently supplied with the logic and reason to care for themselves, however are
not in as a state of nature equipped with a means of fairly and imperially settling disputes. For this reason all
competent, civil individuals enter into a state of social contract, in which certain regulations are recognized under the
pretense that all involved will recognize and heed these particular rules and function in agreement with one another as
a result. This is the reason that Locke posit an actively economically involved government would be unnecessary and
potentially a hinderance to individual liberties and should be avoided, on the