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GS101 Lecture Notes - Agribusiness, Cecil Rhodes, Land Grabbing

Global Studies
Course Code
Timothy Clark

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GS101 Week 11 Lecture 2
Origins of the Global Food System
The Temperate-Grain-Livestock Complex
Britain, the Enclosure Movement, and Agrarian Capitalism
The Rise of Population and Agricultural Demand
First Response: Imperialism
Population Exports
Food Imports
Cecil Rhodes on the “bread-and-butter” of imperialism: way of
feeding surplus population through immigration
Imperial expansion helped through exporting people (ex: to Americas to
be farmers)
Second Response: The Agricultural Revolution
Agricultural revolution: changes in which we relate to land and
produce agricultural goods
Temperate-grain-livestock complex = emergence of a food system that came from
temperate regions of western Europe and revolved around grain and livestock
Can be traced to transformations that were happening in Britain (origins of
Capitalist organization)
Enclosure movement = dismantling of the old feudal order dominant to society
(lord and peasant) into making the land privatized, leads to origins agrarian
Agrarian capitalism: peasants transformed into wage labourers, land lords
transformed into agrarian capitalists, brings 2 changes: rise of population and
agricultural demand
Soil Mining, Through-Flow, and the Technological Treadmill
Marx: “progress in capitalist agriculture…[is] the art, not only of
robbing the labourer, but also of robbing the soil”
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