HI330 Lecture Notes - Lecture 12: Southern Democrats, Confiscation Act Of 1862, White Southerners

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Published on 16 Apr 2013
School
WLU
Department
History
Course
HI330
Professor
HI330 Election of 1860
March 26, 2013
Election of 1860
-Republicans
-Lincoln from Illinois
-Constitutional Union Party
-Bell from Tennessee
-
-Democratic Party split
-Northern Democrats
-Douglas from Illinois
-Southern Democrats wanted a pro southern stance and thought that
popular sovereignty wasn’t enough
-Breckenridge from Kentucky was the VP of the time
-Slave Defense Platform defend the institution of slavery
-Highly contested election Republicans won
Final Catalysts for Secession
-Lead to the fracturing of the union
-John Brown’s Raid
-In 1859 and his election
-Build up to the election see among southerners see hysteria about the
possibility of a republican victory
-Southerners threatened secession but northerners didn’t take this seriously
-Presidential Election, 1860
-Won 39% of the popular vote with almost no Southern support
-Southerners believe that they have to act in defense of their way of life
Secession December 1860-February 1861
-7 states left the Union and others followed
-Republican Party didn’t exist before 1854
-Republicans were not an abolitionist part and did not seek the quick and full
uncompensated removal of the slave system -> wanted to contain slavery
-Thought the election results were the beginning of the end of southern
slavery and the southern life style thought they didn’t have to obey the
Constitution
Secessionists: Revolutionary Heirs?
-America’s origins, Constitution
-Federates justified their secession based on the Constitution
-Question of who what came first
-Unionists said that the larger entity United States created the states
-Which came first? States or Union?
-Unionists: United States created states
-States: no independent existence
-States only came into existence after the United States did
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-Chicken (USA) before the egg (states)
-Secessionists: states created by nation by ratifying Constitution
-If some states betray agreement, other states could secede
-States came first used this to justify their position that their
constitutional rights had been violated
-Impact?
-Lead the nation into war and make Lincoln make very tough decisions -
Lincoln is strong believer in the Constitution and he had to make many
unconstitutional moved in order to keep the country together
Slavery Collapsing: Abolition & Emancipation
-Why was there a Civil War?
-Problems since nation’s founding
-Federal vs. state power
-Who should influence the government and what the appropriate role
of the government should be
-Power distribution
-Slavery -> founders did not resolve, avoidance of direct language of
slavery shows that founders knew this would be an important issue
-Political and Intellectual Problem
-Slavery
-In Constitution
-In territories
-Political, moral issue
-Sectionalism
-Perceptions/communication
-Different ideas of their government should do and allowed to do
Secession in Action
-Longstanding tensions
-North and South saw themselves as opposing civilizations
-White southerners thought they were superior and made state rights their
priority which they saw as more important than national unity
-By November of 1860 some parts of the South were thinking about
secession for years
-December 1860-March 1861
-7 states met in conventions
-Southern Unionists
-Who were they?
-Southerners didn’t believe it would be that big of a deal or that they would
be chased down militarily if they tried to secede
-Divisions in unionists and confederates were not entirely divided
-Feds: minor compromise attempts some wanted to allow the South to keep
slavery and keep it from spreading to the North
-Keep slavery in South, not North
-Already had 7 states that left the union and other 4 after war starts
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Document Summary

Southern democrats wanted a pro southern stance and thought that popular sovereignty wasn"t enough. Breckenridge from kentucky was the vp of the time. Slave defense platform defend the institution of slavery. Build up to the election see among southerners see hysteria about the possibility of a republican victory. Southerners threatened secession but northerners didn"t take this seriously. Won 39% of the popular vote with almost no southern support. Southerners believe that they have to act in defense of their way of life. 7 states left the union and others followed. Republicans were not an abolitionist part and did not seek the quick and full uncompensated removal of the slave system -> wanted to contain slavery. Thought the election results were the beginning of the end of southern slavery and the southern life style thought they didn"t have to obey the. Federates justified their secession based on the constitution. Unionists said that the larger entity united states created the states.

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