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Lecture

10 Nazism

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Department
History
Course
HI109
Professor
Alicia Mc Kenzie
Semester
Winter

Description
Nazis February 25, 2014 Antecedents and Roots The Impact of the Great War Defeat and Demoralization Germany facing socialist revolution - Led to the idea that internal threats (socialists, Jews) defeated Germany o Germans were in fact defeated on the field of battle Veterans groups Many ex-soldiers left - Trying to rebuild their lives with unemployment Fracturing of old values LGBTQ clubs in berlin - Challenge to preexisting cultural values o Church (They had open sexuality) Weakness of Weimar Republic Old aristocracy and officer core hates the republic - They think liberals and socialists dominate the republic - The army never has full sympathy with the republic o Many member of the army welcome Hitler Republic divided - Different political parties - Difficult to form strong coalition to deal with the country - By 1930-31 it is virtually at a standstill o Conservatives turn to the right to keep the communists out (Hitler 1933) Ideological Tenets Nazis February 25, 2014 Social Darwinism and Struggle Spencer takes Darwinism ideas and applies to humans - Survival of the fittest o End of traditional morality or honour o It is moral if it means survival o Strengthened national bonds Socialist Influence All Germans should have an equal voice - Agovernment run by the Nazi party serves all the people, not just the business elite - Anti-Semitic because many big business elites are Jewish o “Enslaved” good ordinary Germans o Gathered good benefits Distance themselves from Marx (Jewish) - Still have the idea of the community over the individual - Hitler demonstrates that he will not take the things of wealthy Germans o Only Jews o Reassuring Germans that they are not communist  They want to reaffirm Germany’s position on the international scene Race and Nation Rather than Class German workers and business owners are one community - Expand Germany’s influence against other national groups Authoritarianism Idea that one person is able to speak for all of Germany, not talking - More efficient - Any opposed eliminated Nazis February 25, 2014 - Obedience is more important than parliament or discussion o This is the image, realistically Hitler has officials that advise and argue  Hitler calls the shots Gaining Mass Appeal Party Promotion Seek to be respectable - Civilian jacket and tie Ruthless use of violence on the streets - Intimidates enemies - Influence how regular Germans will vote Party Structure Party Secretariat - Many officials to deal with details - must argue and anticipate Hitler’s will (Hitler is “lazy”) Hitlerjugend (Hitler youth) - indoctrinate youth to become future party supporters Hitler’s divide and rule tactics - many people have competing responsibilities - none of the top military officials would threaten Hitler’s position o EG. Himler is a former chicken farmer, thick glasses, not representative ofArian ideals o Goebbels is physically handicapped and looks “squirrelly” The Beer Hall Putsch Attempt to seize power in 1923 - Hitler goes to jail Nazis
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