LY205 Lecture Notes - Narcotic Control Act, Hashish

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8 Mar 2013
School
Department
Course
Crim Law in Canada
October 2, 2012
Week 4, Tuesday
Facts of the Oakes case:
R v. Oakes
Reverse Onus- underscored the right to be presumed innocent until guilty.
David Edwin Oakes
D.E Oakes drugs on his person
8 1 gram vials of Hashish Oil
$619.45 cash
subsequent arrest
Police Station
Told them at police station that he bought 10 vials, but he only had 8 at the time of seizure.
$619.45 was from a workers compensation cheque.
Other two vials- must've been used or sold.
Charged- police lay an information, they would have done that on the scene when they stopped him.
Possession for the purpose of Trafficking- Section 8 of Narcotics Control Act
Location: Ontario
Date: 1986 February (date of decision)
March 12th 1985: charged.
Section 8: 14 years max.
Issues: (in the form of questions)
Is section 8 of N.C.A inconsistent with section 11d of the charter (Right to innocence until
proven guilty) and therefore of no force and effect.
Whether of not Reverse Onus is a reasonable limit?
The decision:
first at trial division:
he was found guilty of possession of a controlled substance, crown appealed:
Court of Appeal:
dismissed. Means the charge is of no force and effect.
Chief Justice dixon wrote final decision.
Unanimous decision that the laws were of no force and effect.
Dixon: the oakes test:
Oakes Test:
charge must be of significant value.
Is the offence of significant damage that it allows for a charter violation.
ANALYSIS:
Rationally connected to the objective
Proportionality Test: balance between effects and consequences.
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Document Summary

Reverse onus- underscored the right to be presumed innocent until guilty. Told them at police station that he bought 10 vials, but he only had 8 at the time of seizure. Other two vials- must"ve been used or sold. Charged- police lay an information, they would have done that on the scene when they stopped him. Possession for the purpose of trafficking- section 8 of narcotics control act. The decision: first at trial division: he was found guilty of possession of a controlled substance, crown appealed: Means the charge is of no force and effect. Unanimous decision that the laws were of no force and effect. Oakes test: charge must be of significant value. Is the offence of significant damage that it allows for a charter violation.

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