Class Notes (834,936)
Canada (508,830)
Philosophy (388)
PP110 (97)
Lecture 7

lecture 7.docx

5 Pages
114 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Philosophy
Course
PP110
Professor
Hugh R Alcock
Semester
Fall

Description
 Justice  We see states of affairs and actions as just or unjust  e.g., unfair opportunities for education  Our legislators and courts "aim" to make things fair in this sense  Aristotle understands justice as a virtue, that is, a state of character that disposes one to act in such a way…  Aristotle writes that: (p 163)  "The best man is not he… but vice entire"  By this measure, a person may not be just because she acts in a fair way. Her actions are just on condition that she is a just person, virtuous in character  In this sense, justice is measured in terms of intention rather than………………..  2 ways to be unjust: (p 168)  "Both the lawless man and the grasping and unfair man are thought to be unjust"  Why does Aristotle equate the just man with the lawful man?  We don't suppose that all laws are just - think of racist laws that have existed and still exist  We are political animals (zoon politikon)  Doesn't mean we're sociable or cooperative  He means that in order for each of us to be fully human beings we must enter into political relations with others (i.e. organise into a just society governed by laws)  Aristotle's idea of an ethics based on happiness (Eudaimonia)  Aristotle claims that happiness is attained when we are true to our nature  Since we are by nature rational creatures, this is achieved by reason  For Aristotle, laws are the constructs of the polis  Polis isn't mere collection of individuals, but organism constituted by its citizens  Laws express the form or essence of the polis  Thus, citizens are obligated to obey laws -- not to do so would be to go against the essence of society  Aristotle: "Now the laws in their enactments… for the political society" (p 168)  A man is also unjust, according to Aristotle, if he does something wrong for his own advantage. Therefore, the just man is disposed to act to no one's advantage - to treat everyone ("everyone" is a relative term) with equality  There are 2 types of justice: (1) distributive & (2) remedial (rectificatory)  Distributive justice concerns the regulation of the distribution of the benefits (of what's produced) of some enterprise  e.g., a commercial partnership  A and B act justly when they ensure the ratio of their respective contribution to an enterprise equals the ratio of their benefits from it; this results in a just distribution  A does 60% work, receives 60% rewards  B does 40% work, receives 40% rewards  THIS IS JUST  Remedial justice concerns ensuring that transactions between persons don't introduce new inequalities  Ex: exchange of goods done at fair price such that neither party gains an advantage over the other  Fair exchanges preserves the equality between traders  In such case, transaction assumed to be voluntary  However, remedial justice also concerns involuntary transact
More Less

Related notes for PP110

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit