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PP201L4A_notes.docx

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Department
Philosophy
Course
PP201
Professor
Hugh R Alcock
Semester
Fall

Description
Jumping to Conclusions We continue with our look at cognitive psychologyToday we consider how we are often too hasty in reachingconclusions again based on Daniel Kahnemans book Thinking Fast and Slow121314A13CWhat do these have in commonThey are ambiguous When we look at the first set of figures we interpret 13 as the numerals 13And when we look at the second set of figures we interpret 13 as the letter BWhy The automatic nature of these interpretations indicates that system 1 is at workSystem 1 doesnt consider possible alternative interpretations It aims for speed of thinking measured by coherence in this case What this example points to is a craving we have for coherence or consistency in our beliefsOnce we initially assume something to be true we immediately seek to confirm it We have a natural confirmation biasWe saw this bias in action regarding the halo effect by example of the girls surveyed about their favourite musicWhen asked Is Jerry trustworthy for example one almost always tries to recall episodes that supporthis being trustworthy We have
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