Class Notes (1,100,000)
CA (630,000)
WLU (20,000)
PP (400)
PP110 (100)
Lecture

PP110 Lecture Notes - Eudaimonia, Rationality, Nature One


Department
Philosophy
Course Code
PP110
Professor
Ashwani Peetush

This preview shows half of the first page. to view the full 3 pages of the document.
Aristotle Natural Law
Importance of Natural Law: the good or bad is determined by the direct relationship to the
world/ universe
It does not ask what rules should be followed. Instead, what makes a good person
According to this theory, what is right or good can be determined in reference to its natural
purpose, which is itself a part of universe
o Assume that the world is a rational order with values and purposes built right into its
very nature. Everything in the universe has a purpose
Points to the eco-system and how everything has order and a purpose
Points to the interconnectedness of nature
One must understand the nature
o Something is good then, if it fulfills its purpose. The laws of nature describe not only
how things are, but also how things should be
Ask questions
What is it? formal cause
What is it made of? material cause
How did it come to exist? efficient cause
What is it for? final cause. Telos (the end)
o What is the purpose of human beings? Eudaimonia. To live well is to live in accord with
one’s rational nature
To live well = live life in accordance with moderation, reason, and virtue
Beneficence being good
We should be concerned about our neighbours because it is a part of
what it is to be human beings we are social beings it is essential to
being human that we are social
o Because it is part of our nature, we have the duty to do it
The good is derived from its purpose and its purpose is derived from its essence
After you define what something is, you can judge whether something is good
or bad
Ex. eyes are for seeing good eyes can see clearly
X is good in reference to its purpose
Morally wrong actions are those that do not accord with one’s nature, and thus
break the natural law
Objections:
o Does everything have a purpose in the universe?
Things only work if there is a purpose
Without purpose, you cannot determine the good
Ex. giraffes are purposely (but by chance) given long necks to survive in
the universe
It is not saying that nothing has a purpose
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version