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Lecture 1

PS101 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Behaviorism


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS101
Professor
Don Morgenson
Lecture
1

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PS101FINALREVIEW
ContributionsofWundtandHall
Psychologyhadacquireditsliteralmeaning“Studyofthemind”.
● Formedfrom:
○ disciplinesofphilosophyandphysiology
FounderofPsychology:
● HowWilhelmWundtbecameknownasthefounderofpsychology:
○ Beginningtomakepsychologyanindependentdiscipline.
○ In1879heestablishedthefirstformallaboratoryforresearchinpsychologyat
theUniversityofLeipzig.Theyear1879referredtoaspsychology’s“dateof
birth”.
○ firstjournaldevotedtopublishingresearchofpsychology
○ Prrimaryfocuswasconsciousness–
■ theawarenessofimmediateexperience.
■ Mindandmentalprocesses.
G.StanleyHallstudiedwithWundtandhadaroleinpsychology’sexpansion:
● 1883,startedfirstpsychologyresearchlaboratoryatJohnHopkinsUniversity
● StartedAmerica’sfirstpsychologyjournal.
● FirstpresidentbehindtheAmericanPsychologicalAssociation(APA).
“Schools”:StructuralismvsFunctionalism
● Structuralism
○ AppearedthroughEdwardTitchener.
○ Structuralismwasbasedonthejobofpsychologywastobreakconsciousness
intoitsbasicelementsandinvestigatehowtheseelementsarerelatedtoone
another
○ Structuralismdependsonintrospection
■ Careful,systematicselfobservationofone’sownconsciousexperience.
● Functionalism
○ AppearedthroughWilliamJames.
○ Functionalismwasbasedonbeliefthatpsychologyshouldinvestigatethe
function&purposeofconsciousness,notitsstructure.
○ AttachedtotheideaofNaturalSelection.
■ NaturalSelection
● Heritablecharacteristicsthatallowforsurvivalorreproductive
advantageandarethereforemorelikelytobepassedonto
subsequentgenerationandthusbecome“selected”overtime.
○ Consciousnessisacontinuousflowofthought.
■ Lookingatstaticpointsinthatflow.
■ Jamesdefinestheflowitselfasthestreamofconsciousness.
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