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Lecture 11

PS102 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Prefrontal Cortex, Psychological Stress, Stressor


Department
Psychology
Course Code
PS102
Professor
Joanne Lee
Lecture
11

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The duck syndrome
What is stress?
Stressor
Stimulus in environment
Stress is an emotional state resulting from perceived threat or danger
Stress: the physiological and psychological response to a conditions that threatens or
challenges the individual and requires some form of adaptation or adjustment
Major changes in life = stress
Includes good and bad changes
Changes routines, expectations, have to adapt
Three approaches
1) Stress as stimuli
Identifying types of stressful events
The Holmes and Rahe Stress Scale
Types of stressors
Major life events
Traumatic events
Chronic stress
Daily hassles
Self-generated
Major life events
Major changes - good and bad
Traumatic events
Negative
Uncontrollable
Chronic
No clear start or finish
Becomes pervasive
Can be environment
Size of prefrontal cortex
Daily hassles
Recurring everyday stressors (micro-stressors)
Self-generated stressor
Causes
Inability to accept uncertainty
Pessimistic
Negative self-talk
Unrealistic expectations
Perfectionism
Lack of assertiveness
Three approaches
2) stress as a transaction
People varied reactions to a same events
How people interpret and cope with stressful events
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