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chapter 8.docx

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Don Morgenson

Mid term 30 questions on learning 20 questions on social behavior Chapter 8 -people say they would act out and help others when in reality they wouldn’t Themes - Construct our realities - Our reality is to a great extent the function of our social construction - Realities we construct are attribution - The prison study argue that your role that you play superseded morality o The situation has such power it transcends personality traits - We construct our social realties by attribution cause to the situation or individual - Intuitions shape our fears, impressions, etc. - Social institutions shape our behavior - Social behavior is biological behavior - Trying to understand neurological cause for aggression or violence - Biological sub strains for biological, psychological and social behaviors - Wisdom – sense of interrelatedness - Fundamental need to relate to others - Social psychology involved the study of values o 1960’s studied aggression, violence o 1970’s stimulated studies on gender and gender development o 1980’s studies of the arms race, peace curriculum o 1990’s social psychology – studying the effects of cultural diversity o 2000’s studies of fraud, embezzlement, greed - Values are very important and major themes in social psychology - Self – turn to the self in social context - Social situations affect awareness, and sensitivity o Being a distinct minority can be interesting o Makes you more aware of who you are o Gives you a different perspective - Self-interests affect social behaviors o When fighting with a spouse, most people blame others o When things go well we attribute joy to ourselves - Out of this we know our own self concerns motivate our behaviors - The self remains today one of the most thoroughly researched topics - Implicit vs. explicit o Much of what we decide about ourselves is implicit, impulsive, automatic  Schemas – cognitive templates that guide our perceptions or interpretations of experience e.g. high school gave a schema about university class and professors o Emotional reactions are automatic - The self is essentially ageless - People often over estimate how much their wellbeing will be affected e.g. if they lost weight, if they had more TV channels = more happiness o Don’t affect self-happiness as much as people expect - Self-schemas --- powerfully affect how we process social information - Social experiences that affect our self-concept and self – schemas o Roles that we play and are expected to play o Different social identities you have
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