Class Notes (807,235)
Canada (492,664)
Psychology (2,694)
PS102 (588)
Lecture 7

lecture 7.docx

4 Pages
Unlock Document

Wilfrid Laurier University
Carolyn Ensley

 Ebbinghaus memorized nonsense syllables  Iclicker question  Marjorie is 90y.o. and remembers episodes from when she was much younger very clearly, this finding is most useful for showing:  Decay theory can't explain all problems with LTM  In an experiment, leading questions lead participants to be convinced they saw something they did not. This is evidence for the " " theory of forgetting  Replacement theory  Why We Forget  Five mechanisms account for forgetting  Decay  Decay Theory: info in memory eventually disappears if it isn't accessed (applies better to STM than to LTM)  Replacement  New info can wipe out old info  e.g., misinformation & the Stop Sign Study  Interference  Retroactive Interference: when recently learned material interferes with ability to remember similar material previously stored  Remember recently learned material  Proactive Interference: when previously stored material interferes with ability to remember similar, more recently learned material  Remember previously stored material  Cue-Dependent Memory  Cue-Dependent Forgetting: inability to retrieve info stored in memory because of insufficient retrieval cues  State-Dependent Memory: tendency to remember something when the physical/mental state during original experience/learning matches current state  Mood-Congruent Memory: tendency to remember experiences that are consistent with one's current mood (forget those that are not)  Amnesia  Psychogenic Amnesia: loss of personal identity associated with psychological causes (e.g., need to escape feelings of embarrassment, guilt, shame, disappointment, emotional shock)  Traumatic Amnesia: temporary memory loss involving burying of specific traumatic events for a long period of time  "immune to distortion over time, occurs due to repression (controversial)"  The Repression Controversy  Repression  In psychoanalytic theory, the selective involuntary pushing of threatening or upsetting info into the unconscious  Individuals are more likely to struggle with forgetting traumatic events  Hard to distinguish repression from other forms of forgetting  Researchers argue against special unconscious mechanism  Why Repression Doesn't "Make Sense"  There are no reported cases of repression for the Holocaust, being a prisoner of war or being combat 
More Less

Related notes for PS102

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.