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Lecture

PS263 - Ch 1 Textbook.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS263
Professor
Todd Ferretti
Semester
Winter

Description
Chapter 1 – Biopsychology as a Neuroscience 1.1 What Is Biopsychology?  The scientific study of the biology of behaviour – psychobiology, behavioural biology, or behavioural neuroscience – biological approach to studying psych. th  Developed into neuroscience in the 20 century – Hebb = first comp. theory. 1.2 Relationship Between Biopsychology & Other Neurosciences  Neuroscience is a team effort, biopsychologist are neuroscientists who bring to their research a knowledge of behaviour and of the methods of behavioural research.  Neuroanatomy: Study of the structure of the nervous system.  Neurochemistry: Study of the chemical bases of neural activity.  Neuroendocrinology: Study of the interactions between the nervous & endocrine.  Neuropathy: Study of the nervous system disorders.  Neuropharmacology: Study of the effects of drugs on neural activity.  Neurophysiology: Study of the functions & activities of the nervous system. 1.3 Research that Characterizes Biopsychological Approach Human & Non-Human Subjects  Rats are most common, also cats, mice, dogs and primates. Humans have several advantages over non-humans: 1) They can follow instructions, 2) Can report their subjective experiences, 3) Cheaper.  Human brains are more quantitative than qualitative – major differences in their overall size and extent of cortical development.  Nonhuman advantages: 1) brains & behaviour are simpler, 2) comparative approach: study of biological processes by comparing different species, 3) more lenient ethics. Experiments & Non-Experiments  Experiment: The method used to study causation – what causes what?  Between-subjects-design: different group of sbjects is tested under each condition.  Within-subjects-design: test the same group of subjects under each condition.  IV: The difference between the conditions.  DV: Variable measured to assess the effect of the independent variable.  Confounded Variable: Unintended difference  Coolidge Effect: If a male is having sex with one partner and then it stops, often begins having sex with a new partner.  Quasiexperimental Studies: Studies of groups of subjects who have been exposed to the conditions of interest in the real world.  Case Studies: Studies that focus on a single case or subject – generalizability
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