Class Notes (835,629)
Canada (509,297)
Psychology (2,787)
PS270 (136)
Lecture

Social Psych - Sept 12/2012.docx

2 Pages
98 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PS270
Professor
Christian Jordan
Semester
Fall

Description
Social Psych September 12/2012 Social Psychology and Common Sense  “Beauty and brains don’t mix” o WRONG – more beautiful = perceived smarter, positive qualities grouped together  Larger rewards make people enjoy activities more o Undermine enjoyment  People believe they’re more unique than they really are o Biased to perceive to think they are more similar to others  Violent games release aggression, making people less aggressive o Increase aggression The common sense criticism “Day after day social scientists go into the world and discover that people’s behaviors is pretty much what you’d expect” Problems with the common-sense criticism: 1. Common wisdom is unclear, ambiguous, contradictory - E.g. common proverbs “you can’t teach an old dog new tricks” vs. “you’re never too old to learn” 2. Common wisdom is often inaccurate, or incomplete - E.g., Fundamental attribution error - The tendency to overestimate personality as a cause of others’ behavior and to underestimate the power of the situation o Neglect situational factors – if someone shows aggression they have an aggressive personality 3. Hindsight Bias (I-knew-it-all-along effect) - Experiment demonstrating the hidsight bias (Fischoff, 1975) o Participants were presented with factual questions such as:  Which magazine had the highest circulation in 1970? Time_______ Playboy_____ o Condition – estimate the likelihood that you have answered the question before knowing the answer o Condition 2 – after knowing the answer, estimate the likelihood that you would have answered correctly if you had not been told the answer Research Methods Social Psychology Methods  Social psychology is a science  Empirical – based on direct observation  Test hypotheses against systematic observation Hypotheses and variables  Hypothesis: Statement about how two or more variables are thought to be related o E.g., increased exposure to media violence leads to increases in aggression o Will often be causal, “X causes Y”  Independent variable (IV): o The presumed cause (in a casual hypothesis)  Dependent variable (DV): o The presumed effect (in a causal hypothesis)  Theory: An organized set of principles that can be used to explain observed phenomena  Social psychologists engage in a continual pr
More Less

Related notes for PS270

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit