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Lecture

PS280 Ch 13.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS280
Professor
Paul Mallet
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 13: Personality Disorders Personality Disorders • Heterogeneous group of disorders coded on axis II of the DSM • Regarded as long­standing, pervasive, and inflexible patterns of behaviour and  inner experience that deviate from cultural experiences and causes impairment in  social and occupational distress and can also cause emotional distress Personality Disorder Clusters • Cluster A o Paranoid, schizoid, and schizotypal  Oddness and avoidance of social contact • Cluster B o Anti­social, borderline, histrionic, and narcissistic   Dramatic, emotional, or erratic  Extra punitive and hostile • Cluster C o Avoidant, dependent, and obsessive­compulsive  Appear fearful Cluster A Paranoid Personality Disorders • Characteristics  o Suspicious of others  See the world as cruel  o Expect to be mistreated or exploited by others  Convinced others are out for them o Reluctant to confide in others o Tend to blame others o Can be extremely jealous • Prevalence and Comorbidity  o Prevalence about 1% o Occurs most frequently in men o Comorbid with schizotypal, avoidant, and paranoid personality disorders Schizoid Personality Disorders • Characteristics  o No desire for or enjoyment of social relationships o Appear dull, bland, and aloof o Rarely report strong emotions o Have no interest in sex o Experience few pleasurable activities o Indifferent to praise and criticism  • Prevalence and comorbidity  o Prevalence 
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