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Lecture

Motivation-PS286.docx

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Department
Psychology
Course
PS286
Professor
Amy Gayman
Semester
Winter

Description
Motivation Learning Objectives Define motivation Discuss the components of motivation Describe intrinsic & extrinsic motivation Identify & describes sources of motivation Discuss the theories on motivation Compare and contrast motivation theories Apply the theories to personal experience Extrinsic Motivation from an external source (awards, praise, money, prestige, fear) Intrinsic Motivation from an internal source (enjoyment, learning, pride, experience) Self-Efficacy Theory (Bandura) Beliefs in one’s capabilities to organize & execute the courses of action required to produce given attainments Situational specific confidence Individual’s perception of ability is key Persona/situational factors influence perceived ability & in turn, self-efficacy 4 Sources of Information: Enactive Mastery Experience: previously experienced success Vicarious Experience: similar others are successful Verbal Persuasion: communicated you can succeed Physiological &Affective States: physical and emotional cues re:ability **Theory of Planned Behaviour and Transtheoretical not on the midterm** Self-Determination Theory Integrated theory of motivation Views motivation as multi-dimensional Proposed a motivation continuum TheoryAssumes 3 Basic Needs: Autonomy: choice and control over own behavior Competence: handle challenges & achieve outcomes Relatedness: connect with others & feel involved The extent these 3 needs are met ultimately determines type of motivation experienced… more self-de
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