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Intro to Judaism - Lecture 4

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Religion & Culture
Holly Pearse

 Today in Judaism o 15 Tishrei, 5774  Sukkot  festival of booths  commemorate the wandering after the exodus  one of 3 major pilgrimage festivals  building a sukkot - boxlike hut covered with branches o prayer/ hang out in Sukkot, simple things in life  life is transitory  hospitality, visit each other and eat together  Kohelet - Ecclesiastes by Solomon - sacred book  Solomon was wise, but evil in God's eyes   After Solomon 10th BCE - 586 BCE o Solomon’s Faults  the house of David  had 700 wives, not all of them were Israelites o the divided Kingdom  Israel 9thBCE-722 BCE  ten tribes o kingships changed very quickly  fell to the Assyrians, led off in bondage o lost tribes of Israel o Judah (8th BCE - 586 BCE)  two tribes  fell to the Babylonians  overtook the Assyrian  return begins 539 BCE  Jerusalem remained in Power in Judah  becomes client state of Assyrians  Jerusalem becomes major economic port, grows much bigger  7th Century - King of Judah was King Josiah  trying to rid Judah of minor deities  had kings, priests, multiple prophets  the Babylonian conflict o withstood the Assyrians and became its client state in ca. 7th C BCE  Assyria fell to Babylon  Judah revolted in 599 BCE and 587 BCE o exile of the nobility and others, the destruction of the city (597 BCE) and the sacking (597 BCE) and razing (587-6 BCE) of the temple  three deportations: 597, 587 and 582 BCE   The Babylonia exile(s) o Psalm 137 (1-6)  By the rivers of Babylon we sat and wept when we remembered Zion. There on the poplars we hung our harps, for there our captors asked us for songs, our tormentors demanded songs of joy; they said, "Sing us one of the songs of Zion!  How can we sing the songs of The Lord while in a foreign land?  If I forget you, Jerusalem, may my right hand forget its skill? may my tongue cling to the roof of my mouth if I do not remember you, if I do not consider Jerusalem my highest joy o great creation of texts o ethnos - customs or folk-ness of a people rises in this period for the Jews  remembrance for pilgrimage o many of them exiled to Babylon for several generations, also settlements in Egypt o Zion - God's chosen city  The return of the Jews o Persians defeated Babylon in 539 BCE  edict of restoration 538 BCE  Cyrus the Great o restorers of the Jews to Israel o Hand of God o quintessential modern ruler, very good politician/bureaucrat  encouraged people to create their own legal codes and rule themselves, instead of being forced Persian law o Persian Yehud (Yehud - Judea)  Ezra and Nehemiah  Ezra - Priest/ Scribe o responsible for restora
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