Critical thinking is an approach to reading, thinking and learning that involves asking
questions, examining assumptions, and weighing the validity of arguments.
Critical: means to question analyze or make sense of something.
Dimension of critical thinking
Critical thinking has 5 major parts
1. Central claim (It is purposeful)
a. Trying to settle a problem, develop an answer to a question, or decide on an
b. Quality of the evidence
i. Quality of the data and reasons available to support the claim.
ii. Underlying assumptions
1. Identify the points of view that underlie the stated belief and
evaluate their strengths and weaknesses.
2. Casual claims
a. Inference about cause and effect
b. Judging the validity of casual inferences
c. Techniques of persuasion
i. Ways in which ideas are expresses in order to
persuade readers and listeners
ii. key concepts are presented, how contradictory
evidence is managed
iii. How words can sway judgment
Identify authors claim: major conclusion the author is trying to persuade us to accept
Claim is not: example, definition or statistic.