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Lecture

ADMS 1000 Lecture Notes - Canadian Business, Resource-Based Economy, Gross Domestic Product


Department
Administrative Studies
Course Code
ADMS 1000
Professor
Shahab Modirmassihai

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Inputs
Physical Resources
- plant
- capital
- materials
Human Resources
- People
- Knowledge
Technology
Process
- transformation
to goods or
services
generated by
the organization
(e.g the
manufacturing
process )
Outputs
- goods or
services
generated
SESSION 1: EXPLORING THE CANADIAN BUSINESS ENVIRONMENT: A
FRAMEWORK
What are the fundamental external forces which all organizations must confront in their
struggle to survive and prosper?
ORGANIZATIONS AS OPEN SYSTEMS
What is an organization?
- Social entities: they are made up of people generated and maintained by people
involve some level of human interaction
- Goal oriented: some kind of goal or objective they were designed to achieve
- Interact with the environment: an organization obtains inputs from its environment
whether in the form of people, raw materials, technology or financial capital. All these
inputs are transformed by the organization and become outputs: the goods, services or
knowledge that the organization generates.
Metaphors to describe organizations
- A system can be defined as interdependent elements working together to achieve a goal
or goals
o The interdependence of its elements creates an entity that is more than the sum of
its parts
- Organizations as open systems organizations are entities that are embedded in and
dependent on exchanges with the environment they operate within
- In addition, organizations can be viewed as social systems, with ppl constituting the basic
elements
- There have been time when organizations had been viewed as a closed system fully
self-sufficient entities requiring no interaction with the environment
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The Environment
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