Quiz on central dogma (DNA, RNA, proteins, phenotype). The following quiz will be
about cell structure and function. (MCQ)
Fist midterm mainly on part 1 and part 2 (cell and microbacterial)
You can also find infor on CDC (Centre of disease control and prevention)
DNA: information storage
RNA: information carrier
Phenotypes: physical features and functional traits of organism
Transcription: DNA to RNA
Translation: RNA to proteins
Atom: smallest chemical unit of matter
Molecule: two or more atoms held together by chemical bond
DNA: most responsible for transmission of information from one generation to the
next in all forms of cellular life on this planet.
HIV and LFU are RNA.
Nucleotides are monomer that consist of a sugar, phosphate group and a nitrogen
containing base. (OH on drawings).
Phosphodiester Bond: nucleotides polymerize to produce nucleic acids through
formation of a phosphodiester linkage between the phosphate group on the 5’
carbon of one nucleotide and the OH group on the 3’ carbon of another.
In general, G-C go together,(stabilized by 3 hydrogen bonfs) just l