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York University
Communication Studies
COMN 2111
Dalton Kehoe

Communication in Everyday Life Lecture – November 15 , 2013 th Aspects of the Self  Personality  Self-concept  Self-esteem Personality Preferences MBTI  Myers & Briggs – two women created temperament inventory to describe personality  Jung’s model  Like Freud: Ego and the personal unconscious  Unlike Freud, Jung puts much more emphasis on the operations of the ego o Manages our relations with the world  Recognizable differences between people in terms of psychological functions of the ego – the way they use their minds  Partly inherited – partly genetic – partly shaped  He starts with two key internal functions: o Perception and decision making (judgment)  Two key internal functions:  Perception: sensing – intuitive  Sensors – facts, routine, sequential approach, details, practical  Intuitive – big picture, change, random approach, patterns, future focus  Decision-making (judgment): thinking-feeling: o Thinkers – objective, rational, logic, firm, just o Feelers – subjective, personal, emotions, values  Human beings have two dimensions, two ways to connect to world:  Where you find energy (locate information) – inside or out: introversion – extroversion o Introverts – inner world, depth, private, reserved, think before talking, reflective o Extroverts – outer world, breadth, social, talk to find out what they think, active  Your orientation to world – judging – perceiving o Judgers: structured, scheduled, ordered, planned, decisive, deliberate o Perceivers: flexible, spontaneous, adaptive, responsive to situation, tendency to keep collecting data  We prefer one functional aspect over another  The “call and response” of childhood gives focus  But we can use them all  We can adapt and learn, but we tend to preference one dimension over the other  The under used simply “hang out” in our non-conscious mind  And as we mature the underused reappear  MBTI personality type is usually organized as follows: ENFP o Extroversion, Intuition, Feelings, Perception. o Source of information – Extro – Intro o Basis for perception – Sensate – Intuitive o Mode of deciding – Thinking – Feeling o Orients to world – Judger – Perceiver  We all use all functions/modes but we have strong (automatic) preferences for one over the other – first choice  Our type – collection of preferences shapes how we communicate  See others  We always tend to see our selves as OK  Others who are not like us – Not OK  Since all preferences are “normal” and functional – all can be used – this is a model of diversity and tolerance Personality and Self-Concept Three aspects of the self  Personality  Self-concept o Relatively stable perceptions of yourself – “I am…” Communication and the Self Concept  Self-concept is established, sustained and altered through communication with others (talking to parents, friends, gives you a sense of how you are)  Self is a process and always in process. Some element
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