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Lecture 2

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York University
CRIM 1650
James Williams

Myth Busters in Lecture Room [email protected] 1. There has been a significant increase in the Canadian crime rate over the past ten years: False Homicide rate decreased by 9% in 2012 543 homicides in 2012 across Canada- which is 55 lower than 2011. This is the lowest rate since 1966 2. Levels of youth Violence in Canada have never been higher: False 3. Most crimes of violence are perpetrated by individuals known to the victim: True 4. The city with the highest rate of violent crime in Canada is Toronto: False (Winnipeg, Saskatoon, Thunder Bay, Regina, Edmonton, Vancouver, Halifax, Montreal) The city with the highest homicide rate in Canada is also Winnipeg 5. Research studies have demonstrated a causal link between media violence and future criminal behaviour: False 6. Based on economic costs, street crime is less serious than corporate and white-collar crime: True 7. There are documented cases of children being harmed by foreign objects (i.e, razor blades) placed in their Halloween candy by strangers: False (James Smith, needles in snicker bars) 2 -insurance benefit father killed son intentionally with cyanide) 8. “Get Tough” approaches such as the Ontario Boot Camp program have been effective in reducing rates of future offending for Young offenders: False 9. Canada has one of the strictest Youth Justice Systems in the world: True (Youth Criminal Justice Act changed this) 10. Similarities exist between the pharmacological properties of some prescription drugs and street drugs such as cocaine: True (They are both stimulants, specifically impact the brain – neurotransmitters[dopamine & certonin]) 11. Do you think the courts deal too harshly or not harshly enough with criminals: What is criminology? There is no such thing as criminology. If by criminology, you mean its own distinct discipline. People come from sociology, biology, psychology, English, etc. Distinct perspectives come from two different principles looking at an issue. Criminology is a field of study rather than a discipline. It is fundamentally interdisciplinary. What defines a criminal? Myth Busters in Lecture Room Crime is common. Crime is widespread. About 10% of Canadians have a criminal record (3.4 million). 90% of Americans committed a crime where they can be incarcerated. Crime is diverse, it takes a number of forms. It includes: drug trafficking, domestic violence, identity fraud etc. Criminals can be just like us. Our tendency to think of “us” as “them makes very little sense when taking in how common crime is. Crime exists on a continuum with deviance: That line can shift based on society Crime is taken for granted, it is thought to be contained and understood. WE need to ask what is crime? Failure to act to prevent a crime: negligence Men Rea: intent (guilty mind) there r 2 different kinds of mens rea; subjective such as first degree murder where it has to be proven that the individual wants to kill the victim. There is also objective mens rea where you don’t have to prove any evidence, but a reasonable person has to prove that a reasonable person has to prove the negligence (manslaughter is an example) Defenses such as mental illnesses (the insanity defence) and self-defence Limitations: 1. Such as adultery is not covered i
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