CRIM 2653 Lecture Notes - Lecture 20: Reid Technique, Foucauldian Discourse Analysis, Critical Discourse Analysis

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31 Oct 2016
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Discourse Analysis:
1) Critical Discourse Analysis
2) Foucauldian Discourse Analysis
3) Discursive Psychology
-relies very heavily on philosophy and can often be extremely technical in nature, as it relies on
linguistics and philosophy as its basic sources
-the reason for this is that discourse is heavily based on language
-one way to understand it is as a structure or a set of rules: studying the grammar or the order in
which the words appear
-this is a concern for linguistic
-trying to understand the relationship or find the meaning of words in the structure: the order in
which they appear in their grammatical structure
-criminology’s concern isn’t so much with structure as it is with meaning
-it is about trying to uncover the meaning behind the words, whether they are spoken words
-the idea behind discourse analysis is to understand the meaning behind the words, which
entails or requires the researcher to understand the context in which the words are used and the
rules by which the rules are used
-when one thinks about language, all languages have a common feature, as they all operate
according to a set of rules
-the rules of grammar lets us know the order in which the language is to be put to understand
the meaning
-there are other kinds of rules; cultural rules of language
-intended meaning
-is the meaning determined by the context?
-one has to infer the intended meaning from the context in which the language is used
-the understanding of the meaning of words is depended on the context, which relies on one’s
knowledge of the history behind the situation that one is trying to study
-discourses become meaningful in various situations
-the use of language is susceptible to context
-all meaning is mediated by the context in which it is used
-researchers must capture a particular aspect of the discourse that they’re interested in studying
-discourse analysis is heavily dependent on theoretical structures and constructs
-the theory provides the concept and categories according to which one finds the discourse it is
looking for
Critical Discourse Analysis/Ethnomethodological Discourse Analysis:
-a method that seeks to understand the governing human conduct
-this kind of DA assumes a certain transparency in our communication
-it assumes that language is relatively stable
-it assumes that people have the capacity to understand the context in which meanings and
terms are conveyed
-one’s intended meaning must be transparent
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