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Lecture 5

CRIM 2653 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Social Inequality, Microsoft Powerpoint, Special Pleading

Course Code
CRIM 2653
Paul Baxter

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Slide 19
They start o with assumptions about public policy
The policies in terms of attacking the root causes of crime, they have to be
designed to eliminate the conditions in which crime can occur and
These theories try not to address social problems such as social inequality,
rather they look at responses that seek to prevent crime in the immediate
sense from preventing oenders from oending.
Slide 20
Why is it that more people don’t break the law if society has so much
inequality? Why do most people obey the law?
oHirschi argues that the social bond that people have a state in obeying
the law.
1) if we are put in a state of nature, others will share our
interests in order to preserve peace
2) most of us have proprietary state of obedience to the law to
preserve our property, opportunities, etc. it’s harder for people
with criminal records to get employment
There are certain rewards people get and by contributing to social activities
by obeying the law according to social bonds. It is that interest that we all
have that actually sits at the foundation of all of the mechanisms of informal
control that is used to modify social behaviour whether it is internal or
Law abiding behaviour gets reinforced based on our mutual interests, which
also be observed as rational calculation, what is our best interest?
Slide 21
Routine activities and rational theories try to address particular individuals in
particular circumstances, with particular reasoning.
They refute ideas such as public policy not being able to replace social bonds
oThat means it is not the place of the state to provide child and welfare
services if the family breaks down
It is not the purpose of the state to protect families and protect people
You can prevent crime by removing the opportunities from criminals to
commit crime and remove the opportunity for victims to become victims
Slide 22
The idea of trying to quantify a result may rest on a fallacy. What one has to
be able to do is show a clear connection between the actions of the potential
victim and oender.
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