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Tradition and Modernity.pdf

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ECON 2350
Ying Kong

2 Tradition and Modernity 1 the readings and the films in context 2 traditional hierarchical society 3 Modern mass society 4 the great transformation 5 Liberalismmodernity versus the paternalist model 6 James Burke The factoryMarketplace RevolutionThe readings and films in contextThe cold war provides the context for all readings Promodernity bias exists in all of the readingsThe Traditional SocietyModernity and tradition coexist in society The basic unit of society is the family Not the nuclear family but the extended family Family is the welfare state of society it provides security for a strong set of obligations The needs of the family override individuals in the family Us vs them ideal exists in traditional society where US is the family and them is everyone else outside the family There is hostility fear and suspicion to those outside the family Prestige is highly valued in traditional society Respect and approval is a major thing Your task in traditional society is to enhance the prestige of your family and never to make it lose any Obligations to the family include being married and producing sonslots and lots of sons You are to link your family to another through marriage to a level that is equal to your family in prestige or higher in the social ladder Marriages are arranged within the family Old people are considered to be wise young people are incredibly foolish Young people are stricken by romantic love where elders view romantic love as dangerous as it can be feverish The idea of a dowry is incredibly important The family is the source of services in society Problems within the family are dealt with internally alcoholism and mental issues for example Loans and financial issues are also internally handled Crime is a private matter in traditional society not a public one Strict sexual division between men and women Mens work always has higher status than that of women Nature has dictated that men are stronger proud brave self confident clever stubborn and bad tempered Women are flexible patient non violent subservient self sacrificing Moral code revolves around the honourable man and woman The honourable man is embedded in manliness for women it is prudency Sex is
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