Thursday 30th October
10:00 - 11:30
In the event of strike, make sure you're checking updates on yourku.ca and Google "CUPE 3903" that is
Start working on your second essay assignment. Submission deadline would be around Christmas time.
Questions on strike:
- Starts 12:01am effective Thursday.
- CLH E CUPE has an information session about the strike.
Satire in Eighteenth-Century Literature:
- This is a new period of the 18th century. Brief socio-historical context about the 18th century:
18th century brought significant changes to the island of Britain. It was 1707 when the Act of Union
produced Great Britain (England, Scotland, Wales). With this act, Britain became a world power. A lot of
expansion was taking place. Change was seen most dramatically in cities such as London because there
was a tremendous influx into the cities from the countryside. With this came a lot of interest into the
theatre. There was ideological growth in politics, science, religion and feminism. Galileo's idea was that
Earth wasn't at the center of the cosmos. Telescope and Microscope (2 new inventions) gave the idea
that humans were not that important after all.
- There was Strife, conflict - Religious and Political.
Religious crisis led to division of country between 2 political parties.
(could be considered to be more conservative)
Church of England
Land ownership was endorsed. The English ownership of lands in Ireland that allowed them to exploit
Whigs: king's opponents supported:
- (Could be considered more liberal)
- They encourage tolerance for religious "dissenters" (ex. Presbyterians)
- Industrial interests
- Investors in the stock market.
Both the writers used their wits and fanaticism to make humor.
What 18th century passed to the future generations was a series of unresolved contradictions.
- At one side it was the age of Enlightenment pursuit, and at the other it was latching on to old ideas
(beliefs and customs).
- It was the age that developed the slave trade and was also the age that gave rise to Abolitionist
- It was the age that set very rigid standards for women. However it was also the age when many women
began to read, write, and think for themselves.
(Modern world invented by 18th century, brought suffering along with progress)
The political turmoil provoked criticism and ridicule of a number of authors mainly through another literary
1 tool known as Satire.
- Sarcasm on a very wide scale.
- Double meaning; proposed meaning undercut by irony, sarcasm etc.
- Element of ridicule that would cause a change from the old.
- Eg. Family Guy, Animal Farm.
Satire is an artistic form in which human or individual vices and follies are held up to censure by means of
ridicule, sometimes with an intent to inspire social reform.
Satire dates all the way back to the classical roman poets.
Horace - Roman poet and satirist,
- Horatian satire is a more tolerant treatment of human inconsistencies and follies.
- It's tone is ironically amused rather than outraged.
- Speaker is moved to laughter rather than rage.
- Eg. Pope's Rope of the Lock.
Juvenal: - Roman satirist.
- Juvenalian satire bitterly condemns human vice and folly.
- Uses a very bitter tone.
- Speaker looks with horror on corruption of his time, and his heart consumed with anger and frustration.
- Eg. Swifts "A modest Proposal"
2 kinds of satire:
Comical and Tragical have come to mark boundaries of the very vast boundaries of satire.
Shakespeare often uses fool characters some of whom apply horatian satire and some apply juvenal
- Satirical Forms
- Alexander Pope's Indictment of High Society: Lipstick Jungle
- Jonatha Swift:
Structural and Stylistic Characteristics