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EN 3170
Peter Paolucci

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Carmilla, The Vampyre, Dracula, Carroll and Todorov February 3 The Vampyre:  "The Ultimate Witch," Preiss, Byron/Betancourt, John  **In the essay, quote from the stories and from the theorists; focus is on textual specificity; as you expand from one passage, you need to address bigger issues in the text; need to think strategically about what passage to use, find one that's rich symbolically; in The Vampyre, the struggle that Aubrey has in the cave--very important passage  Hero is generally someone who's mostly normal, but who is spectacular in at least one way; he is tested alone through a series of trials, through which he gains a sense of self-awareness  If you doubt the belief in the supernatural, you will be punished  Everyone is telling Aubrey not to go into the woods alone b/ c he would upset the vampyres, but he just mocked them; the people looked mortified, and this made him silent, which implies that he was doubting his doubt  Aubrey is being set up here to be punished for his arrogance and refusal to believe  When he sets off on his journey, he is "unattended"--his lesson needs to be learned while he is isolated  "The animal at last, through fatigue...brushwood which surrounded it."--encounter with female genitalia; result is auditory, not visual  Encounter with an unknown force that's stronger than he is: literally, it could be a struggle with Ruthven, but figuratively, it can be an encounter with his unconscious--other vs. self  "Her who had attracted him by her cries"--means feminine vulnerability, and male rescuing her  Aubrey's quest into the wilderness should lead to an understanding, but it doesn't really b/c in his conscious mind, he doesn't know who Ruthven really is; Aubrey's struggle with his feminine side Noёl Carroll, "The Complex Discovery Plot"  Erotetic (this is not a concept that Carroll came up with, but rather it applies to this as a description)  he basically says that all horror stories have 1 or more of 4 components that are combined: onset (beginning of the awareness that there's a problem), discovery (moment of revelation), confirmation (reinforces the discovery), confrontation (Sometimes it's a climax/high point but sometimes it's not; some sort of conclusion); any variation of the order of these is possible Todorov  Has his own version of Freud's 'uncanny'  Uncanny; Fantastic; Marvellous--he's most interested in the Fantastic  When he discusses the uncanny, what he means is realism--the supernatural being in the story is always considered a possibility, but can be explained away by scientific thoughts/evidence  Fantastic--2 categories: Fantastic-uncanny (there has been uncertainty about supernatural existing but it evolves into a clear, scien
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