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Lecture

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Department
Film
Course
FILM 1701
Professor
Gillian Helfield
Semester
Fall

Description
The theme of this movie is a film maker Norman Jewison, looking at one older film In the Heat of the Night (1967) and a later film he made 20 years later Moonstruck (1987). Every author or film maker tends to cover two essentials subjects, the familiar thing related to their experiences or relationships with people or things going on in the world around them Every great artist, writer or filmmaker whose work is really significant manages to combine both in such a way that the work is truly summative, that means it sums up everything in such a way that viewers or readers can relate to it can relate to it n a personal level but also on a global or universal level. And that certainly describes Norman Jewison, one of the greatest filmmakers of our time. From the point of talent and versatility , jewison is on the point of the best compare him to Martin. Jewison was a little older and came before, worked in so many different genres successfully. Mentions different movies by Jewison! All of these highly successful award winning work he produced, yet never won an oscar for best director. What the topic of theme the films indicate is Norman Jewison as an Auteur. Auteur is French for author but is attached to the whole theory within film studying and criticism which in turn gave rise to a whole new way of studying films and film makers and it all started with the cahier cinema, a variant fluid or french magazine found in 1950 by French film critic Anre Bazen. The title Cahier de cinema stands for the notebook of cinema attracted a number of young film critics, all of whom attacked and reinvented the basic tenets of film criticism and theory at that time and all of whom went on to become film makers n their own right producing cinema based on their own principles and ideas. Perhaps the most famous and notorious of the article published in the cahier de cinema was entitled a certain tendency in French cinema. Thanks to Tropho and the director moved from the next to the crew assistants to the top of the film, idea of director being the author of the film, started with Alexandre..his idea of Camera pen, the film ideally should be a medium or personal artistic expression and the best film are those who clearly bear their marker signature, the stamp of his or her individual personality, controlling obsessions. Ultimately a film could be linked to a particular director through that style or approach, all director should be distinguished by their delineated styles and can be recognized without knowing who the director is. After 10 mins But from there after films would no longer be promoted or distributed or even crewed on the basis of the entire company but rather on the personality and fame and something at 10.25 of his director ]after 12.47 who we talk about as great film makers but in their era they were not necessarily regarded as such until they were praised by the French critics of cahier du cinema. Now,cahier de cinema critics were taken up further and they were embellished by critics in other context writing for other magazines and journals. For example, Louzian in Britain or angeo sirus in the US. It was actually sirus who came um with the term otour theory But all of these critics who took up this theory shared certain basic assumptions. First, although a film is produced collectively its most valuable for the dominant contributions of the director. Two, a film is mostly likely to be the expression of a film makers individual personality when that film maker is an artist. Three, a film makers personality can be traced instamatic or stylistic consistency throughout his/her ourve (re-check this at 14.11). Now obviously,there are some issues with this because it ingrates a lot of other contributing factors to films. For example, cinematography, editing, set design, costume design or even the roles of the performers themselves who could be considered otour (14.29- re-check otour) as well so their focus on the film makers alone may be a bit flawed but the whole idea of authorship as a means of directing a film is very very interesting. Anyway,keep this in mind when u watch moonstruck/in the heat of night and try to think both of them as examples of otouch ouvre ( re-chk this at 14.50) by norman jewison. .how these two films emphasize and perhaps share obsessions,themes or elements of style..maybe then it can be related back to jewison. I also want u to notice certain similarities and film techniques that you may notice in both. Similar use of lightning or editing or emphasize on certain character or language or dialogue or even meezansein ( how everything works together and is shot ) You should also take notice of the differences in two films and how those differences maybe accounted for by the different time periods and the social context in which they were made, the different environment,and also the differences in culture. Each film represents a different vast set of American culture and so emphasis different social structure that shake the characters life and identity and therefore produces different perspectives, points of view, or ideas about life.Another similarity, but also a difference, between the two films is in the music. Both make great music of particular types to set the tone to provide atmosphere to give a real vibe to the films that conveys a sense of authenticity, as to the representation of advance, and the characters experiences. End of part 1 Beginning of part 2 With the otour approach in mind, I will start off by saying that the heat of the night represents the work of a fairly young director or at least a director in his prime when was about 41 years old. Moonstruck represents an older director in middle age approaching his senior years, in his sixties. Now,you could tell this by the style and the approach of the film..which we will talk about in a moment but also about their respective instamatic concerns. In the heat of light is a socially conscious film,even a political film, taking up then what was extremely controversial and hot issue of race whereas moonstruck in a romantic comedy but one that also deals with the themes of family,marriage,love and commitment and especially the meaning of life. All concerns increasingly occupies us as we grow older and start to look backward rather than forward. In the heat of night takes places in the 60s in the souder town,it involves an encounter between an africian- americian police from the north and a white red-neck local police chief whereas moonstruck takes place in 80s in New York city in an Italian community involving
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