Class Notes (808,703)
Canada (493,376)
York University (33,539)
Film (295)
FILM 2401 (90)


3 Pages
Unlock Document

York University
FILM 2401
Kispal- Kovacs Kovacs

October 6, 2011 Lecture05; The Coming of sound; Hollywood Blossoms  The Jazz Singer (1927) Released by Warner brothers; Premiered October 6,1927 First synchronized sound film (had a few moments of talking/ few moments of singing) Within 3 year turned from a silent film industry to a sound industry  The Impact of Sound 1) Increased capital costs- companies needed to go to Wall Street to raise funds 2) Lead to more concentrated ownership in the industry 3) Temporary decline in foreign film rentals 4) Leads to the rise of new genres and the decline of the old ones-transformation of all genres 5) Shakes up employment in the movie industry- loss o musician jobs and increase in other types of jobs – writers & sound technicians (bad time because the Great Depression occurred 1 year later)  Transition to sound has enormous implications  Revolutionized the way we watched movies  The Studio System of Production Matures The movie business turns into an oligopoly (control of the industry by a few companies  The Big Five Warner Brothers; Metro-Goldwyn-Mayer; Paramount; th Radio-Keith Orpheum (1928); 20 C Century Fox Were vertically integrated; they made films  The Little Three United Arts; Colombia; Universal These companies were not vertically integrated but were involved in production& distribution  Poverty Row (Specialized in making low budge films) -Grand National; Mascot; Producers Releasing Corporation (PRC) -Monogram (1930) Westerns Bowery Boys, Charlie Chan -Republic (1935) -Disney Typically poorer companies; made fewer films Demand for film was tremendous because there was no TV; couldn’t keep up with the demand for the audience  Complimented each other (Big 5 & Little 3)  The Production Code Administration Established in 1934 as a solution to the censorship debate-run by Joseph Breen A form of Industry self- censorship (what you can put in movies; what you cant) List of dos& don’ts Last until 1966 Always pressure to monitor the content of movies. Done in half hazard way in the United States; didn’t have a unified censorship until 1934 Different states had different rules on censorships; No systematic system of censorship around the country As movies became more expensive; PEOPLE? Started becoming concerned “if we spent 1million dollars and we cant show it” Worried about loosing investment, gets banned from objection by a municipality you were in trouble but didn’t want to make boring movies; because than people wouldn’t come; by the time 1930s enormous pressure (like catholic church began pressuring Hollywood to maintain movies; get rid of sex etc.; ;;Church was a powerful lobby; threatened boycotts “If you wanted it released in theatres; you’d have to submit your script, if it wasn’t acceptable than they’d suggest comments; the film would be made; than they reexamine seal of approval (without that seal it couldn’t be
More Less

Related notes for FILM 2401

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.