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Lecture 1

GK 1000 Lecture Notes - Lecture 1: Greek Language, Nominative Case, Preposition And Postposition

Course Code
GK 1000
Susanna Lewis

of 2
September 17th, 2013
Classical Greek (Language): Day One
Transitive verb: takes a direct object (i.e. he loves her)
Intransitive verb : does not take a direct object (i.e. the farm is small)
voice : active, passive, middle
third person singular : he, she, it
mood : statement, question, fact
optative : pertaining to a verb mood that has among its functions, the expression of a
wish (i.e. may we go,we wish we might go)
Principal Parts:
-adverb : describes a verb, adjective or adverb (quickly, silently, well, very, really)
-noun : person, place or thing (dog, music, teacher, John)
-adjective : describes a noun (good, big, interesting, red, green)
-verb : action or state (to be, to sing, to have, to hold, to see)
-pronoun : replaces a noun (I, you, he, she, some)
-preposition : links a noun to another word (to, at, after, but)
-conjunction : joins clauses, sentence or words (and, but, when)
-interjection : short exclamation (ouch! hi!)
verbs-full 6 principal parts (if they have 6)
only need to know the first 3
all vocab
greek & english
article- “the”
varies depending on gender of word
Genitive: possession, gives the stem for the word
Stem: tells meaning of the word (basic meaning of the noun or word)
Ending: tells how word is functioning in the sentence
Case (5 kinds): shifting in the end of the word following the stem, tells you how word is
being used in sentence
-Nominative case : subject of the verb or sentence
i.e. the word which denotes who or what is doing what the verb says
example: I, he, she, you, it, we, you, they
example: he offended me (he being the nominative)
-Genitive case : marks a noun as modifying another noun; usually indicates possession
example: Carl’s haircut
example: the edge of the table
-Dative case : shows the indirect object of a verb
example: read the poem aloud to me
-Accusative case : marks the object of the verb
i.e. the word which receives the action of the verb
example: me, him, her, you, them, it, us
example: he offended me
-Vocative case : used to indicate direct address (to a person, place, thing, etc)
example: Where have you been, Charlie?
inflected: endings will change to show how functions of the words change
beginning word-meaning
end word-function
subject, verb, object
ketos- u of waterloo (online)
dot= : ;