Test will consist of Theogony, Iliad, and first half of the odyssey (1-12)
In some ways, the odyssey can be seen as a sequel of the Iliad
The odyssey is set place after 10 years of the fall of Troy
Odysseus is the last of the warriors to return home
The odyssey is the story of the wandering of Odysseus
Odysseus is detained for various reasons
One of the key concepts of the Odysseus is Nostos: homecoming (nostalgia-the longing to
The Iliad is said to be written by a single poet, whereas the author for the odyssey seems to be
debated as to whether Homer wrote it or more than one person wrote it.
A German scholar debates that there are indeed 2 poets who composed the Odyssey: There is
poet A and T. (T is telemachy-the first four books of the odyssey) Telemachos is the son of
Odysseus. Poet E is the one that compiled the work of both authors into one work.
The books of the Odyssey can be broken into groups of 4. Odysseus doesn’t make his
appearance until book 5.
Zeus sends Hermes down to free Odysseus.
Odysseus is story tell of Books 9-12: the essential story of what happened to him, his departure
from troy, etc.
Book 13-16: Odysseus returns to Ithaka, and he reveals himself to his son disguised as a
Next 4: Telemachos conspire to slaughter the suitors
Final 4: The finally slaughter them
Noblemen of Ithaka try to convince Penelope to pick a new husband since they believe
Odysseus is dead
The suitors are abusing Xenia, taking advantage of the home and food
The muses open the book again like other Homeric works.
Helios took away the day of homecoming from Odysseus’ companions.
Menelaos was detained in Egypt, then later returned to Sparta Odysseus was detained by Kalypso, who desires for him to become her husband
All the gods love Odysseus, except Poseidon, Athena favours Odysseus
30-40: Aigisthios had a role in the murder of Agamemnon.
Orestes murders Aigisthios.
The Telemachy is supposed to tell Telemachos’ coming of age (it has been 20 years since
Odysseus left Ithaka)
Aigisthios deserved to be killed because he didn’t listen to the gods.
The myth of Atreus: Agamemnon, Aigisthios
Poseidon is the cause of Odysseus’s detention
Zeus here is similar to the Zeus depicted in Theogony, such as the idea of counsel
93: Athena speaking- The gods already know Odysseus is detained, Zeus sent Hermes to free
him, and Telemachos’ journey has no real substance, but he wants to prove himself as a man to
the suitors back in Ithaka
118: Even though the suitors are abusing Xenia, Telemachos is shocked that Athena is still
standing there without being treated as a proper guest.
He gives Athena a seat, a footrest, and