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The Enlightenment and Human Understanding Lecture 1 and Homework

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York University
HUMA 1160

Monday, September 9, 2013 Enlightenment 17 -18 Century Medieval period – All truths have been discovered. 1. Bible [writings of God] 2. Writings of Plato and Aristotle [reason] Goals: 1. Understand the texts 2. Establish balance ------|------ These are both called exegeses. Trigger for the Enlightenment: 1. Rejected the past 2. Science & Mathematics Secret to Success: A method of obtaining knowledge. Descartes believed he was the first revolutionary. “Follow what I say and you will get it right.” How to study the self: Look at the faculties of knowledge, intuition, and intellect. Descartes arguments: 1. There must be a set of thought in the mind that creates philosophical knowledge. 2. There is a criteria of knowledge. 3. What are the limits of the human knowledge? Descartes beliefs:  Anybody could acquire the amount of knowledge as anybody. (We all have the same pieces to our mind and thus we are able to do the same things).  The uninitiated cannot gain the knowledge. (Senses cannot reveal God).  One must abandon their body (senses) in order to gain knowledge. Question: How does one remedy sensory prejudice? Answer: Senses cannot reveal knowledge. Nothing the senses
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