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Lecture

1015First Mediations - Lecture Notes.pdf

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 1160
Professor
Stanley Tweyman
Semester
Fall

Description
October15- LectureNotes PreambletoMeditation1 - Whatthemeditationsisdoing,isseekingthefirstprinciplesofhumanknowledge - Descartesmaintainsthatthereareonly2candidatesforsupplyingthesefirstprinciples ○ Onlytwopossiblesources 1) Reason 2) Thesenses - Meditationisconcernedonlywiththesenses ○ Thesensesitselfistheonlythatcanprovideknowledge - Determinationastowhetherthesensescanprovideknowledge ○ DeterminationdeterminedbyDescartes'voyageintoskepticism  Wantsto seewhetherthefindingsofthesensescanstandupto skepticalcriticismbythe senses Startof thePreamble - Howdopeoplewhousetheirsensesregardtheworld? 1. Ifyouweretoput on glasses,whatyou'relookingatwouldappeardifferentthatthewayitlooksnow. ○ Ourperceptionisalwaysrelativetothemedium(Theeyes) 2. Perceptionalwaysrequiresaperspective ○ Thefurtheryouareaway fromthesomething,thesmalleritlooks ○ Thecomponentsarevague ○ Butalsowithtools,youcan alwaysseemorethanyouwouldwiththenakedeye 3. Wearealso subjecttotrickeryanddeception - Whatwe'reseeingisn'tactuallythereinwayyou'reseeingit. ○ Themostyoucan say of whatyouseeis that "Yourperceptionisrepresentativeofreality,butitis notthat realityitself."  RepresentativeRealism □ Seemstobetheordinarywayofapproachingtheworld □ Dataof senseisunquestionable □ Weperceivers,areneverindirectcontactwiththeexternalwo
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