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Lecture 9

Lecture 9 - India 540-1526 & Southeast Asia

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HUMA 1770
William Gleberzon

Lecture 9 1 June 1st, 2011 India 540-1526  King Harsha o After the Gupta Empire, there was no 1 civilization to unify all of India King Harsha  Ruled empire that encompassed most of Northern India  Short lived empire, focused on lives of single individual  Create centralized authority  Fragmentation of political power at this time  Kind of a feudal system, decentralized power  Began as a Hindu, but became a Buddhist  Implemented laws to reflect the spiritual aspect on new perspective in life o Forbid killing of animals o Built religious artifacts that Buddhists used  Left no successor after he died Rajputs  Ruled over stateless in India  Came to India as invaders, part of groups of Hun (central Asia of nomadic groups)  Defended India from invasions up to Modern period Chola Dynasty  North = central power of India (ex: Dheli)  Tamal speaking people started from South and expanded to North Chola Temples Chola Sculpture th  Siva and Shakti = blending male and female in 11 century CE  Bronze sculptures The Delhi Sultanate  Delhi = capital of a large northern empire (first Muslim empire)  Spread over periods of time  Moving from the West  Didn’t assimilate fully to the religion of India, and became the religion and made it become Islam  Made up of diff dynasties, but given general title of Delhi Sultanate o Composed of 5 diff families that ruled the dynasty  First successful attempt that Muslim ruled over India  Had ambition to rule all over India, but unsuccessful in colonizing the south Indian Society in Medieval Time  Europe tear itself with religion  India was fairly stable, tolerate of diff religion preferences  Upper class had no problem of allowance of many diff religion at the time, but had communal conflicts of Muslims and Hindus Lecture 9 2 June 1st, 2011  Buddhism declined in this period (who created the religion)  Indians migrated to Tibet, affecting their religion  Women were not common yet  Widows were rare  Ladies in upper class were educated  Indian architecture was diff from west Southeast Asia nd  Sterns Chapter 3: increased amount of travel in 2 part of middle ages had affect in tendency of globalization  Sea routes of SE Asia – 1200 period  Indian ships and spreads its influence across SE Asia  Exchanged textile, spices, timber, gold Angkor Wat  North of Cambodia  Lasted from 9 to 15 century th  Hinduism, Buddhism (dominant one from 13 century)  Largest pre-industrial centre, (larger than NY) Video: Jewels in the Jungle  Shrine of the woman = temple built 1000 years ago  Temples were filled the statues of gods from India, not the gods of Angkor Wat  Because the wind blows south from India to Angkor Wat, they had to wait until the wind blows north again o Spread their religion while they wait for the wind China  Number of phases similar to previous Chinese history = disarray, country becomes fragmented, reunification/consolidation, further disarray and rejoined  After fall of Han Dynasty  Six Dynasties  Tang Dynasty = attempt to reunify the country  The Five Dynasties Period  The Song Dynasty (divided into 2 periods) o Northern Song = capital KeiFeng was
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