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HUMA 1825 Note 20.docx

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HUMA 1825
Neil Braganza

HUMA 1825 Note 20 Citizen King Notes - Martin Luther King was a minister - He always understood that those who were sent had Birmingham - There were many problems in that society – there were bombings, public castration - The violence in Birmingham represented the manifestation of king – he was dealing with a decision that had to do with his own life. - King was put into solitary confinement, and the clergymen argued that his arrival wasn’t timely. o King responded with the letter from the Birmingham jail. - King – injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere – whatever affects one directly, affects all indirectly. - There were fire hoses and police dog attacks showing exactly how bad the racism strike - King recognized the limit – enough is too much. - Birmingham wasn’t only a victim for those Negroes, it was a victory for all blacks in the American Society. - After the “I have a dream” speech, there was a bombing of the Birmingham church, killing four young girls. Significant of the March - The black business community said that Birmingham was too tough, and wanted to call the origin movement off - The energy of the room was originally the question of what King should have done - They have to remember that the march was held by preachers – the significance was that the preachers had to leave the church - King wore blue jeans to represent how we was willing to go to jail for the march. - The march was the first time when King consciously chose the path of suffering – it was the only thing that could recipe the gamble o This was necessary for the further development of confronting the issue. I have a dream speech - Even though he talked about doing serious things in Birmingham, King’s speech took the fear out of the people - Instead of honouring the sacred obligation, American has caused racism to the negro community - The speech spoke to the hopes and dream of most Americans o People didn’t want segregation, but America was prepared to listen to the “American dream” - People took the “American dream” as a means to relating his theory of social justice. J Edgar Hoover - He always spilled poison about - He was the original director of the internal justice investigation - He was the great bulwark of what people feared – bombs, robbers, etc. - King was threatening to Hoover, and Hoover had a pathological hatred of black people – he couldn’t stand King. o He asked for the permission of Kennedy to put King on tapped phones, he accused King of being a communist - It was the Hoover mentality and Hoover rationale that pushed King to move forward. - It was a signal of pressure from the FBI to the campaign Civil Rights At of 1964 - It makes all people work to the home, and eliminate the last distances of injustice in America - This day would fulfill the wishes of the black people – one day the government said that hatred wasn’t right and would stop it. The Nobel Peace Prize - This was an inspiration to him as a sign that the message of the civil rights movement was a message to the whole world - It vindicates the controversy on which he had – he criticized items, which people – hatred, etc. - Martin didn’t shout for joy, he looked at it as a faith in American and a faith in the mankind. - This award is recognition that nonviolence is the answer to the political nature of our lives –without resorting to violence and hatred. Voting Rights Act - The March was for the purpose that everyone should have had the right to vote - The people needed to march, but the police lined up to protest the march, and eventually overthrew the people in taking prevented measures - They had no alternative but to keep moving with determination – they’ve gone too far to go back. o They’re moving and they could not afford to stop because Alabama had “a date with destiny” - At the march – the blacks started to pray. At the end of the prayer the road police separated and cleared a path for people to march. o There was a precession going round and back over the bridge. - People who came south on the march were angry because people got beat up – King’s judgment was that the winning the right to vote was more important to go into the courts for the judgments, instead of attacking - Militants rebelled against King with the feeling that King was too lenient. - With the achievement of the right to vote, that the strongest justice for black people in society was about to be achieved. - Within 10 days the watch riots broke out – there were many riots by the hands of black people o King was on vacation when this happened, he visited watch, and the people were mad and angry. He’d never seen such anger in people. Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee - There were busses of NAACP students trying to get to Washington in order join the march - They wanted to Continue the Voting rights march – they wanted to show that they wouldn’t be intimidated by the police - James Meredith’s Mississippi March - They wanted to walk through Mississippi simply to give it a shot – without relating it to anything or anybody - One of the principles was that you couldn’t let someone get shot - King spends his most sustained time in Mississippi in “black power” - The only way that black people will not be shut down is when they get power to institute justice - Power is necessary, but it would be difficult to use “black power” because the white press seized on it so eagerly o The press loved black power because it essentially says that the black people were about to make war. King’s movement North - He went to the north to find about those kinds of black people - There were too little blacks – they were spread too thin – you couldn’t run a movement in Chicago with the staff they had. - Many black people questioned King’s judgment in moving to Chicago – there was fear of politicians. - They went to Chicago to get to their “rightful” place
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