HUMA 1825 Note 20
Citizen King Notes
- Martin Luther King was a minister
- He always understood that those who were sent had
- There were many problems in that society – there were bombings, public
- The violence in Birmingham represented the manifestation of king – he was
dealing with a decision that had to do with his own life.
- King was put into solitary confinement, and the clergymen argued that his
arrival wasn’t timely.
o King responded with the letter from the Birmingham jail.
- King – injustice anywhere is injustice everywhere – whatever affects one
directly, affects all indirectly.
- There were fire hoses and police dog attacks showing exactly how bad the
- King recognized the limit – enough is too much.
- Birmingham wasn’t only a victim for those Negroes, it was a victory for all
blacks in the American Society.
- After the “I have a dream” speech, there was a bombing of the Birmingham
church, killing four young girls.
Significant of the March
- The black business community said that Birmingham was too tough, and
wanted to call the origin movement off
- The energy of the room was originally the question of what King should have
- They have to remember that the march was held by preachers – the
significance was that the preachers had to leave the church
- King wore blue jeans to represent how we was willing to go to jail for the
- The march was the first time when King consciously chose the path of
suffering – it was the only thing that could recipe the gamble
o This was necessary for the further development of confronting the
I have a dream speech
- Even though he talked about doing serious things in Birmingham, King’s
speech took the fear out of the people
- Instead of honouring the sacred obligation, American has caused racism to
the negro community
- The speech spoke to the hopes and dream of most Americans
o People didn’t want segregation, but America was prepared to listen to
the “American dream” - People took the “American dream” as a means to relating his theory of social
J Edgar Hoover
- He always spilled poison about
- He was the original director of the internal justice investigation
- He was the great bulwark of what people feared – bombs, robbers, etc.
- King was threatening to Hoover, and Hoover had a pathological hatred of
black people – he couldn’t stand King.
o He asked for the permission of Kennedy to put King on tapped phones,
he accused King of being a communist
- It was the Hoover mentality and Hoover rationale that pushed King to move
- It was a signal of pressure from the FBI to the campaign
Civil Rights At of 1964
- It makes all people work to the home, and eliminate the last distances of
injustice in America
- This day would fulfill the wishes of the black people – one day the
government said that hatred wasn’t right and would stop it.
The Nobel Peace Prize
- This was an inspiration to him as a sign that the message of the civil rights
movement was a message to the whole world
- It vindicates the controversy on which he had – he criticized items, which
people – hatred, etc.
- Martin didn’t shout for joy, he looked at it as a faith in American and a faith in
- This award is recognition that nonviolence is the answer to the political
nature of our lives –without resorting to violence and hatred.
Voting Rights Act
- The March was for the purpose that everyone should have had the right to
- The people needed to march, but the police lined up to protest the march,
and eventually overthrew the people in taking prevented measures
- They had no alternative but to keep moving with determination – they’ve
gone too far to go back.
o They’re moving and they could not afford to stop because Alabama
had “a date with destiny”
- At the march – the blacks started to pray. At the end of the prayer the road
police separated and cleared a path for people to march.
o There was a precession going round and back over the bridge.
- People who came south on the march were angry because people got beat up
– King’s judgment was that the winning the right to vote was more important
to go into the courts for the judgments, instead of attacking - Militants rebelled against King with the feeling that King was too lenient.
- With the achievement of the right to vote, that the strongest justice for black
people in society was about to be achieved.
- Within 10 days the watch riots broke out – there were many riots by the
hands of black people
o King was on vacation when this happened, he visited watch, and the
people were mad and angry. He’d never seen such anger in people.
Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
- There were busses of NAACP students trying to get to Washington in order
join the march
- They wanted to Continue the Voting rights march – they wanted to show that
they wouldn’t be intimidated by the police
James Meredith’s Mississippi March
- They wanted to walk through Mississippi simply to give it a shot – without
relating it to anything or anybody
- One of the principles was that you couldn’t let someone get shot
- King spends his most sustained time in Mississippi in “black power”
- The only way that black people will not be shut down is when they get power
to institute justice
- Power is necessary, but it would be difficult to use “black power” because the
white press seized on it so eagerly
o The press loved black power because it essentially says that the black
people were about to make war.
King’s movement North
- He went to the north to find about those kinds of black people
- There were too little blacks – they were spread too thin – you couldn’t run a
movement in Chicago with the staff they had.
- Many black people questioned King’s judgment in moving to Chicago – there
was fear of politicians.
- They went to Chicago to get to their “rightful” place