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HUMA 2310 (2)
Lisa Wood (1)
Lecture

Emancipation Emancipation of slavery

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Department
Humanities
Course
HUMA 2310
Professor
Lisa Wood
Semester
Fall

Description
Emancipation HUMA 2310 Film: Iron in the Soul Test: Choose 4 of 6 short answers Choose 1 of 2 essay question Outline: 1. Factor that lead to emancipation 2. Apprenticeship 3. Continuities (political, economic, social, and cultural) 4. Changes (political, economic, social, and cultural) 5. Summary Factor that lead to emancipation  Anti slavery lobby/abolitionists - Maroons in Suriname, Jamaica, etc. - 1 group to emancipate themselves 1791 after the Revolution (that began in 1791-1804 with independence): HAITI - All men were equals before God  Political economists arguments  Support of masses in the metropolitan centres  Changing economic world order - Replacing commercial capitalism; capitalists investing in other sources that the plantation; decrease in importance of plantations  Competition - Sugar was the biggest market - Competing beet sugar rather than cane sugar - Prices on sugar decrease - Duty increase - From British islands - Beet sugar was not produced in the West Indies - Influence the move of emancipation  Slave revolts/resistance - Late 1800’s Demerara, Guyana had emancipation - Sam Shaw in Jamaica - 1833 Act of emancipation introduced - Aug 1 , 1834 emancipation took effect - Costs to prevent revolts - Production cost $ - Increase in free non white population who were fighting for political recognition - Act was passed in 1833 - 1838: - 1848: British - 1863: Dutch - 1873: Spanish Puerto Rico - 1886: Spanish Cuba - Abolition of slavery: 1807 Apprenticeship (1834-1838): - Transition from slavery to freedom - Forced slaves to remain on their plantation - Suppose to last 6 years but terminated after 4 years - Prevent the expected enlargement of abandonment - System with some of the features of slavery - Set the conditions that would govern the relationship between former slaves and plantation owners - Goal: to ensure planters continued availability of labour Political Continuities: - Colonial rule o Remained colonies after emancipation o Except Haiti o Was free of slavery but not colonies - Dominance of white elites o Enjoy socially - Resistance o 1865: rebellion over land and taxes o 439 people hanged after a broke out to govern themselves - Non-demographic tradition o Crown colony: direct system of British rules o After emancipation there is still lack of development o Retardation of democratic institutions o Narrowed the base rather than growing Economic Continuities: - Plantation, the dominant economic model o Focus on crop - Former slaves provide labour o Set up so slaves d
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