KINE 2049 Lecture Notes - Biological Abstracts, Multiplication Table, Webct

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Published on 17 Apr 2013
York University
Kinesiology & Health Science
KINE 2049
October 21, 2009
KINE 2049
Format of a Journal Article
-list books and other journal articles that the researcher referred to
while planning and conducting the study.
...Important comments about Monday's exam - you must write the section
that you are enrolled in - show up for your proper section. *****
.Bring ID and pencils.
.Professor said that he sent everybody a message on WEBCT as to what is
on the exam it will tell you what chapters and labs are on the exam.
.When you come in you have 45 minutes time.
.Last class we looked at a journal article and the professor showed you
the components of the article.
.References are very important.
>Primary Sources
.Written by someone who witnessed or participated in the event. Those
sources closest to the origin of the information or idea under study.
.Primary sources provide researchers with "direct, unmediated information
about the object of study." They may contain original research or new
information not previously published elsewhere.
>Secondary sources
.It is a description of the original.
.Descriptions of the original work that have been summarized or
>Primary and secondary, however, are relative terms, and many sources may
be classified as primary or secondary, depending on how it is used.
.Most textbooks that people use are secondary sources.
Suppose that someone reading a primary source finds information from what
they are reading? Professor advised that this is original and would still
be considered a primary source.
Primary vs. Secondary
Primary source
-created at the time of an event, or very soon after
-created by someone who saw or heard an event themselves
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-often one-of-a-kind, or rare
>Secondary source
-created after event; sometimes a long time after something happened
-often uses primary sources as examples
-expresses an opinion or an argument about a past event.
Topic 4
Literature Review
The Introduction and Literature Review
-develop an understanding of the theory
-define the problem
-review procedures and instruments
-develop new ideas for research
-utilize the recommendations of others
-critique relevant studies
Literature Review
.Process of searching for information and then presenting a summary of
the current state of the topic that is relevant to the current topic of
.Important skill to do effectively and efficiently.
.Journal articles can be a poor place to start.
Information retrieval
>Researchers assume that primary sources have been read/used
-The problem with a secondary source is the transfer of "bias"
-only use a secondary source if the original is no longer available.
Sources of information
-reference books that give reference and brief summary of research
-comprehensive list of authors and subjects in a field
-an evaluation/summary of research in a field
These three sources are very useful before you go to journals.
>Biological Abstracts
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